Formation of clathrate hydrates of hydrochlorofluorocarbon 141b in the deep borehole at Vostok Station (Antarctica) in the course of the unsealing of subglacial Lake Vostok

Title Formation of clathrate hydrates of hydrochlorofluorocarbon 141b in the deep borehole at Vostok Station (Antarctica) in the course of the unsealing of subglacial Lake Vostok
Publication Type
Journal Article
Year
2017
Author(s) A.Yu. Manakov , A.V. Ildyakov, Volodya Ya Lipenkov, A.A. Ekaykin, T.V. Khodzher
Journal/ Publication
Earth's Cryosphere
Volume
XXI
Issue
3
Pagination
30-37
Abstract

We have presented the results of a study of core samples which were re-covered from a deep borehole after the second unsealing of subglacial Lake Vostok in 2015 (borehole 5G-3, in which a mixture of kerosene and HCFC-141b densifier was used as the drilling fluid). The intensive mixing of the subglacial water and the drilling fluid resulted in the formation of a solid plug that filled the volume of the borehole and blocked the access to the lake. We have demonstrated that this solid plug consists of kerosene, ice and clathrate hydrate of HCFC-141b. The obtained data suggest that the drilling fluid presently used at Vostok should be replaced, at least in the bottom section of the hole, by another fluid which does not react with subglacial water.

DOI
10.21782/EC2541-9994-2017-3(30-37)
File
URL
Categories Deep Drilling, Directional/Replicate Drilling, Drilling Fluids, Subglacial Access
Equipment KEMS / TELGA / TBZS drills
Citation A.Yu. Manakov , A.V. Ildyakov, Volodya Ya Lipenkov, A.A. Ekaykin, T.V. Khodzher ( 2017 ) Formation of clathrate hydrates of hydrochlorofluorocarbon 141b in the deep borehole at Vostok Station (Antarctica) in the course of the unsealing of subglacial Lake Vostok. Earth's Cryosphere , XXI , 3 , 30-37 . doi: 10.21782/EC2541-9994-2017-3(30-37)
Lead Author
A.Yu. Manakov