|Title||Recent Innovations in Drilling in Ice|
|Author(s)||Mary R Albert , Kristina R Slawny, Grant Boeckmann, Chris J Gibson, Jay A Johnson, Keith Makinson, Julius Rix|
Chapter 6 of Advances in Terrestrial Drilling: Ground, Ice and Underwater, Bar-Cohen and Zacny, eds.
The need for scientific ice drilling in glaciers and ice sheets has been driven by many fields of science, including drilling ice cores for evidence of past environment and paleoclimate information, and drilling access holes through the ice to gather data relevant to glacial dynamics, history of glacier extent, sediment sampling, and discovery of ecosystems within and beneath the ice. Many nations have contributed to drilling technologies relevant to each of these fields, and developments in any one nation often build on prior designs from other nations. A description of the very early polar ice coring endeavors in Greenland and Antarctica is provided in Langway (2008). Ice drilling and coring technologies that were developed before 2008 are well described in Bentley et al. (2006), including a wide array of ice coring drills, drills designed to create holes in ice only, and autonomous instruments that melt their way through ice. The text by Talalay (2016) provides a review of mechanical ice drilling technology that includes design, parameters, and performance of an assortment of tools and drills for making holes in snow, rn, and ice. Described in detail are direct-push drilling, hand- and power-driven portable drills, percussion drills, conventional machine-driven rotary drill rigs, flexible drill-stem drill rigs, cable-suspended electromechanical auger drills, cable-suspended electromechanical drills with bottom-hole circulation, and drilling challenges and perspective for future development.
In this chapter our goal is to describe new ice drilling and coring technologies that have been designed, built, and used in the field in the most recent decade. Some of these technologies are improvements on prior drills, while other technologies such as a replicate ice coring drill, geologic drilling underneath many meters of glacial ice, and the rapid access isotope drill are the first of their kind. There are many additional ice drilling and sampling designs currently in the design or development stage that are not included in this chapter; rather our goal in this chapter is to describe proven ice drilling technologies that have been developed since 2009.
|Categories||Deep Drilling, Directional/Replicate Drilling, Hot Water Drilling, Intermediate-/Medium-Depth Drills, Subglacial Access, Subglacial Till/Bedrock Drilling|
|Equipment||Agile Sub-Ice Geological (ASIG) Drill, BAS Hot Water drills, Blue Ice Drill (BID), Deep Ice Sheet Coring (DISC) Drill, Foro 3000 Drill, Foro Drill, Rapid Access Ice Drill (RAID), Replicate Coring System, Winkie Drill, WISSARD Hot Water Drill|
|Citation||Mary R Albert , Kristina R Slawny, Grant Boeckmann, Chris J Gibson, Jay A Johnson, Keith Makinson, Julius Rix ( 2020 ) Recent Innovations in Drilling in Ice. Chapter 6 of Advances in Terrestrial Drilling: Ground, Ice and Underwater, Bar-Cohen and Zacny, eds. , 157-220 .|