Electrothermal Drill

Description

The Electrothermal Drill (aka Thermal Drill) melts an annulus around the ice cores it collects. It supplements the 4-Inch Drills and can be substituted for the 4-Inch Drill sonde, using the same winching system, for use in ice warmer than about minus 10° C. The drill collects a 76 mm (3-inch) core and has been used to drill to approximately 200-meters. For depths shallower than 30-meters, a simpler tripod assembly for operation of the drill is available and has been used with good success. The sonde is particularly useful in ice close to the pressure melting point, where electromechanical drills are at risk from melting and refreezing of the surrounding ice. The Thermal Drill has performed well in British Columbia, Alaska and in southeastern Greenland. The drill was most recently deployed and used successfully to drill through firn aquifer layers in SE Greenland during spring 2013 and spring 2015.

IDP has one Thermal Drill ready for issue. A new 65-meter water-shedding cable was procured in 2015 to prevent the fibrous cable typically used with the Thermal and 4-Inch Drills from soaking with water in aquifer layers, refreezing and causing issues with travel over the upper sheave on the drill tower. As requested by the IDP Science Advisory Board and the larger science community, IDP began exploring upgrades to the Thermal Drill in PY 2018 to allow for coring to 300 meters. Initial upgrades are now complete and include new heat rings, a new 300 m water-shedding cable, a magnetic tool to aid in core removal and a prototype ethanol delivery mechanism. Preliminary testing of the upgrades was conducted in March 2019 near Madison. The upgrades will be further tested by IDP in Alaska in July 2019 in conjunction with the Juneau Icefield Research Program (JIRP).

Equipment Details

Name Electrothermal Drill
Type
Type
Ice coring
Number in Inventory
Number in Inventory
1
Max. Practical Depth
Max. Practical Depth
295 m
Hole Diameter
Hole Diameter
104 mm (4.1 inches)
Ice Core Diameter
Ice Core Diameter
86 mm (3.4 inches)
Ice Core Length
Ice Core Length
1 m
IDP Driller Required?
IDP Driller Required?
Yes, 1 driller
Drill Fluid Required?
Drill Fluid Required?
No
Power Requirements/Source
Power Requirements/Source
220 V, 5 kW generator
Helicopter Transportable?
Helicopter Transportable?
Yes
Light Aircraft Transportable?
Light Aircraft Transportable?
Yes
Shipping Weight
Shipping Weight

1200 lbs

Shipping Volume (Cube)
Shipping Cube

66

Comments
Comments

Shipping weight includes generator and 100 or 200 meter winch, depending on the required depth; complete operating weight is 800-1700 lbs; uses 4-Inch Drill system winches

Photos

Project History

2019 Arctic - Alaska: Electrothermal Drill Testing with the Juneau Icefield Research Program
2015 Arctic - Greenland: Characterization of the Volume, Flow, and Discharge of the Greenland Firn Aquifer
2013 Arctic - Greenland: Investigation of the Greenland Perennial Firn Aquifer
2012 Arctic - Alaska: McCall Glacier Ice Cores
2010 Arctic - British Columbia: Ice Core Paleoclimate Records from Combatant Col, Mount Waddington

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