Electrothermal Drill

Description

The Electrothermal Drill (aka Thermal Drill) melts an annulus around the ice cores it collects. It supplements the 4-Inch Drills and can be substituted for the 4-Inch Drill sonde, using the same winching system, for use in ice warmer than about minus 10° C. The drill collects a 76 mm (3-inch) core and has been used to drill to nearly 300 meters. For depths shallower than 30 m, a simpler tripod assembly for operation of the drill has been used with good success. The sonde is particularly useful in ice close to the pressure melting point, where electromechanical drills are at risk of getting stuck from melting and refreezing of the surrounding ice. The Thermal Drill has performed well in Alaska, British Columbia, and in southeastern Greenland. Most recently, in 2019, three IDP personnel traveled to Alaska in conjunction with the Juneau Icefield Research Program (JIRP) to perform drill testing.

IDP has one Thermal Drill ready for issue. At the request of the science community, IDP began exploring upgrades to the Thermal Drill in PY 2018 to allow for coring to 300 m. New heat rings, a new 300 m water-shedding cable, a magnetic tool to aid in core removal and a prototype ethanol delivery mechanism were implemented. Preliminary testing of the upgrades was conducted near Madison and were further tested by IDP in Alaska in July 2019 with the Juneau Icefield Research Program (JIRP). In 2021, a new sediment collector vacuum was designed, fabricated and tested, to remove any debris from the borehole than might impede melting and forward progress. A new core processing tray was also developed.

Equipment Details

Name Electrothermal Drill
Type
Type
Ice coring
Number in Inventory
Number in Inventory
1
Max. Practical Depth
Max. Practical Depth
295 m
Hole Diameter
Hole Diameter
104 mm (4.1 inches)
Ice Core Diameter
Ice Core Diameter
86 mm (3.4 inches)
Ice Core Length
Ice Core Length
1 m
IDP Driller Required?
IDP Driller Required?
Yes, 1 driller
Drill Fluid Required?
Drill Fluid Required?
No
Power Requirements/Source
Power Requirements/Source
220 V, 5 kW generator
Helicopter Transportable?
Helicopter Transportable?
Yes
Light Aircraft Transportable?
Light Aircraft Transportable?
Yes
Shipping Weight
Shipping Weight

1200 lbs

Shipping Volume (Cube)
Shipping Cube

66

Comments
Comments

Shipping weight includes generator and 100 or 200 meter winch, depending on the required depth; complete operating weight is 800-1700 lbs; uses 4-Inch Drill system winches

Documents

Citation Year
U.S. Ice Drilling Program (2020) Thermal Drill Operations and Maintenance Manual. 1-20. 2020

Photos

Project History

2019 Arctic - Alaska: Electrothermal Drill Testing with the Juneau Icefield Research Program
2015 Arctic - Greenland: Characterization of the Volume, Flow, and Discharge of the Greenland Firn Aquifer
2013 Arctic - Greenland: Investigation of the Greenland Perennial Firn Aquifer
2012 Arctic - Alaska: McCall Glacier Ice Cores
2010 Arctic - British Columbia: Ice Core Paleoclimate Records from Combatant Col, Mount Waddington

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