|Title||Development of a clean hot water drill to access Subglacial Lake CECs, West Antarctica|
|Author(s)||Keith Makinson , Paul GD Anker, Jonathan Garcés, David J Goodger, Scott Polfrey, Julius Rix, Alejandro Silva, Andrew M Smith, José A Uribe, Rodrigo Zamora|
Annals of Glaciology
Recent drilling successes on Rutford Ice Stream in West Antarctica demonstrate the viability of hot water drilling subglacial access holes to depths >2000 m. Having techniques to access deep subglacial environments reliably paves the way for subglacial lake exploration beneath the thick central West Antarctic Ice Sheet. An ideal candidate lake, overlain by ~2650 m of ice, identified by Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECs), Chile, has led to collaboration with British Antarctic Survey to access Subglacial Lake CECs (SLCECs). To conform with the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research code of conduct, which provides a guide to responsible scientific exploration and stewardship of these pristine systems, any access drilling must minimise all aspects of contamination and disturbance of the subglacial environment. To meet these challenges, along with thicker ice and 2000 m elevation, pumping and water treatment systems developed for the Subglacial Lake Ellsworth project, together with new diesel generators, additional water heating and longer drill hose, are currently being integrated with the BEAMISH hot water drill. A dedicated test season near SLCECs will commission the new clean hot water drill, with testing and validation of all clean operating procedures. A subsequent season will then access SLCECs cleanly.
|Special Collections||International Workshop on Ice Drilling Technology Series, 8th International Ice Drill Symposium|
|Categories||Borehole Logging, Hot Water Drilling, Subglacial Access|
|Equipment||BAS Hot Water drills|
|Citation||Keith Makinson , Paul GD Anker, Jonathan Garcés, David J Goodger, Scott Polfrey, Julius Rix, Alejandro Silva, Andrew M Smith, José A Uribe, Rodrigo Zamora ( 2021 ) Development of a clean hot water drill to access Subglacial Lake CECs, West Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology , 62 , 85-86 , 250-262 . doi: 10.1017/aog.2020.88|