The following list of peer-reviewed scientific publications are from projects that received field support from IDP. We also maintain a Library of technical ice drilling documents.

If you are an IDP-supported scientist, please credit IDP support in any publications or articles with the following statement "We thank the U.S. Ice Drilling Program for support activities through NSF Cooperative Agreement 1836328."


  1. Abbott PM, Plunkett G, Corona C, Chellman NJ, McConnell JR, Pilcher JR, Stoffel M, and Sigl M (2020) Cryptotephra from the Icelandic Veiðivötn 1477 CE eruption in a Greenland ice core: confirming the dating of 1450s CE volcanic events and assessing the eruption's climatic impact. Climate of the Past.
  2. Aydin M, Britten GL, Montzka SA, Buizert C, Primeau FW, Petrenko VV, Battle MO, Nicewonger MR, Patterson J, Hmiel B, Saltzman ES (2020) Anthropogenic impacts on atmospheric carbonyl sulfide since the 19th century inferred from polar firn air and ice core measurements. Earth and Space Science Open Archive.
  3. Blong RJ and Kurbatov AV (2020) Steps and missteps on the path to a 1665-1668 CE date for the VEI 6 eruption of Long Island, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, in press.
  4. Clyne ER, Sridhar Anandakrishnan S, Muto A, Alley RB, Voigt DE (2020) Interpretation of topography and bed properties beneath Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica using seismic reflection methods. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 550, 116543.
  5. Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV, Smith AM, Hua Q, Yang B, Schmitt J, Beck J, Seth B, Bock M, Hmiel B, Vimont I, Menking JA, Shackleton SA, Baggenstos D, Bauska TK, Rhodes RH, Sperlich P, Beaudette R, Harth C, Kalk M, Brook EJ, Fischer H, Severinghaus JP, Weiss RF (2020) Old carbon reservoirs were not important in the deglacial methane budget. Science, 367, 907-910.
  6. Fudge TJ, Lilien DA, Koutnik M, Conway H, Stevens CM, Waddington ED, Steig EJ, Schauer AJ, Holschuh N (2020) Advection and non-climate impacts on the South Pole Ice Core. Climate of the Past, 16, 819-832.
  7. Hmiel B, Petrenko VV, Dyonisius MN, Buizert C, Smith AM, Place PF, Harth C, Beaudette R, Hua Q, Yang B, Vimont I, Michel SE, Severinghaus JP, Etheridge D, Bromley T, Schmitt J, Faïn X, Weiss RF, Dlugokencky E (2020) Preindustrial 14CH4 indicates greater anthropogenic fossil CH4 emissions. Nature, 578, 409-413.
  8. Nicewonger MR, Aydin M, Prather MJ and Saltzman ES (2020) Reconstruction of paleofire emissions over the past millennium from measurements of ice core acetylene. Geophysical Research Letters 47, e2019GL085101.
  9. Plunkett G, Sigl M, Pilcher JR, McConnell JR, Chellman N, Steffensen J, Büntgen U (2020) Smoking guns and volcanic ash: the importance of sparse tephras in Greenland ice cores. Polar Research, 39.
  10. Shackleton S, Baggenstos D, Menking JA, Dyonisius MN, Bereiter B, Bauska TK, Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Petrenko VV, McConnell JR, Kellerhals T, Haberli M, Schmitt J, Fischer H, Severinghaus JP (2020) Global ocean heat content in the Last Interglacial. Nature Geoscience, 13, 77-81.
  11. Vandecrux B, Fausto R, van As D, Colgan W, Langen P, Haubner K, Ingeman-Nielsen T, Heilig A, Stevens CM, MacFerrin M, Niwano M, Steffen K, Box J (2020) Firn cold content evolution at nine sites on the Greenland ice sheet between 1998 and 2017. Journal of Glaciology, 66(258), 591-602.
  12. Winsor K, Swanger KM, Babcock E, Valletta RD, and Dickson JL (2020) Rock glacier characteristics serve as an indirect record of multiple alpine glacier advances in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 14, 1-16,


  1. Aarons SM, Aciego SM, McConnell JR, Delmonte B, Baccolo G (2019) Dust transport to the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, during the last interglacial, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 2261- 2270.
  2. Arienzo MM, McConnell JR, Chellman N, and Kipfstuhl S (2019) Method for Correcting Continuous Ice-Core Elemental Measurements for Under-Recovery, Environmental Science & Technology, 1-8.
  3. Baker I (2019) Microstructural characterization of snow, firn and ice, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 377, 2146.
  4. Burke A, Moore KA, Sigl M, Nita DC, McConnell JR, Adkins JF (2019) Stratospheric eruptions from tropical and extra-tropical volcanoes constrained using high-resolution sulfur isotopes in ice cores, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 521, 113-119.
  5. Fegyveresi J, Alley R, Voigt D, Fitzpatrick J, Wilen L (2019) Instruments and methods: A case study of ice core bubbles as strain indicators, Annals of Glaciology, 60(78), 8-19.
  6. Fegyveresi JM, Fudge TJ, Ferris DG, Winski DA, Alley RB (2019) Visual Observations and Stratigraphy of the South Pole Ice Core (SPICEcore): A Preliminary Holocene (~10.2 ka) Accumulation Record and Depth-Age Chronology, ERDC/CRREL TR-19-10, 1-44.
  7. Hartman LH, Kurbatov AV, Winski DA, Cruz-Uribe AM, Davies SM, Dunbar NW, Iverson NA, Aydin M, Fegyveresi JM, Ferris DG, Fudge TJ, Osterberg EC, Hargreaves GM, and Yates MG (2019) Volcanic glass properties from 1459 C.E. volcanic event in South Pole ice core dismiss Kuwae caldera as a potential source. Scientific Reports, 9:14437, 1-7.
  8. Karlsson NB, Colgan WT, Binder D, Machguth H, Abermann J, Hansen K, Pedersen AO (2019) Ice-penetrating radar survey of the subsurface debris field at Camp Century, Greenland, Cold Regions Science and Technology, in press.
  9. Lee I, Hawley R, Bernsen S, Campbell S, Clemens-Sewall D, Gerbi C, and Hruby K (2019) A novel tilt sensor for studying ice deformation: Application to streaming ice on Jarvis Glacier, Alaska. Journal of Glaciology, 1-9.
  10. Lee MJ, Kyle PR, Iverson NA, Lee JI, Han Y (2019) Rittmann volcano, Antarctica as the source of a widespread 1252±2 CE tephra layer in Antarctica ice, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 521, 169-176.
  11. McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, Wilson AI, Stohl A, Arienzo MM, Eckhardt S, Fritzsche D, Kipfstuhl S, Opel T, Place PF, Steffensen JP(2019) Pervasive Arctic lead pollution suggests substantial growth in medieval silver production modulated by plague, climate, and conflict, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1-6.
  12. Menking JA, Brook EJ, Shackleton SA, Severinghaus JP, Dyonisius MN, Petrenko V, McConnell JR, Rhodes RH, Bauska TK, Baggenstos D, Marcott S, and Barker S (2019) Spatial pattern of accumulation at Taylor Dome during Marine Isotope Stage 4: stratigraphic constraints from Taylor Glacier, Climate of the Past, 15, 1537-1556,
  13. Osman MB, Das SB, Trusel LD, Evans MJ, Fischer H, Grieman MM, Kipfstuhl S, McConnell JR, Saltzman ES (2019) Industrial-era decline in subarctic Atlantic productivity, Nature, 569, 551–555.
  14. Shackleton S, Bereiter B, Baggenstos D, Bauska TK, Brook EJ, Marcott SA, Severinghaus JP (2019) Is the noble gas‐based rate of ocean warming during the Younger Dryas overestimated?, Geophysical Research Letters, 46.
  15. Sommers P, Porazinska DL, Darcy JL, Zamora F, Fountain AG, Schmidt SK (2019) Experimental cryoconite holes as mesocosms for studying community ecology. Polar Biology, 42, 1973-1984.
  16. Swanger KM, Babcock E, Winsor K, Valletta RD (2019) Rock glaciers in Pearse Valley, Antarctica record outlet and alpine glacier advance from MIS 5 through the Holocene, Geomorphology, 336, 40-51.
  17. Winski DA, Fudge TJ, Ferris DG, Osterberg EC, Fegyveresi JM, Cole-Dai J, Thundercloud Z, Cox TS, Kreutz KJ, Ortman N, Buizert C, Epifanio J, Brook EJ, Beaudette R, Severinghaus J, Sowers T, Steig EJ, Kahle EC, Jones TR, Morris V, Aydin M, Nicewonger MR, Casey KA, Alley RB, Waddington ED, Iverson NA, Dunbar NW, Bay RC, Souney JM, Sigl M and McConnell JR (2019) The SP19 chronology for the South Pole Ice Core -- Part 1: volcanic matching and annual layer counting. Climate of the Past, 15(5), 1793-1808.
  18. Yan Y, Bender ML, Brook EJ, Clifford HM, Kemeny PC, Kurbatov AV, Mackay S, Mayewski PA, Ng J, Severinghaus JP, and Higgins JA (2019) Two-million-year-old snapshots of atmospheric gases from Antarctic ice. Nature, 574, 663–666.
  19. Yeung LY, Murray LT, Martinerie P, Witrant E, Hu H, Banerjee A, Orsi A, Chappellaz J (2019) Isotopic constraint on the twentieth-century increase in tropospheric ozone, Nature, 570, 224–227.


  1. Baggenstos D, Severinghaus JP, Mulvaney R, McConnel JR, Sigl M, Maselli O, Petit, JR, Grente B, Steig EJ (2018) A horizontal ice core from Taylor Glacier, its implications for Antarctic climate history, and an improved Taylor Dome ice core time scale, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 33(7).
  2. Bauska TK, Brook EJ, Marcott SA, Baggenstos D, Shackleton S, Severinghaus JP, and Petrenko VV (2018) Controls on millennial‐scale atmospheric CO2 variability during the last glacial period, Geophysical Research Letters, 45.
  3. Bereiter B, Kawamura K, Severinghaus JP (2018) New methods for measuring atmospheric heavy noble gas isotope and elemental ratios in ice core samples, Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, 32, 801-814.
  4. Bereiter B, Shackleton S, Baggenstos D, Kawamura K, Severinghaus J (2018) Mean global ocean temperatures during the last glacial transition, Nature, 553, 39-44. doi:10.1038/nature25152
  5. Brook E, Buizert C (2018) Antarctic and global climate history viewed from ice cores, Nature, 558, 200-208.
  6. Buizert C, Sigl M, Severi M, Markle BR, Wettstein JJ, McConnell JR, Pedro JB, Sodemann H, Goto-Azuma K, Kawamura K, Fujita S, Motoyama H, Hirabayashi M, Uemura R, Stenni B, Parrenin F, He F, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ (2018) Abrupt ice-age shifts in southern westerly winds and Antarctic climate forced from the north, Nature, 563, 681-685.
  7. Cole-Dai J, Peterson KM, Kennedy JA, Cox TS, and Ferris DG (2018) Evidence of Influence of Human Activities and Volcanic Eruptions on Environmental Perchlorate from a 300-Year Greenland Ice Core Record, Environmental Science & Technology Article, 52(15), 8373-8380.
  8. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Muto A, Orsi AJ, and Spencer MK (2018) Surface formation, preservation, and history of low-porosity crusts at the WAIS Divide site, West Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 12, 325-341. doi:10.5194/tc-12-325-2018
  9. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Voigt DE, Fitzpatrick JJ, Wilen, LA (2018) Instruments and methods: A case study of ice core bubbles as strain indicators. Annals of Glaciology, 1-12. doi:10.1017/aog.2018.23
  10. Garland J, Jones TR, Neuder M, Morris V, White JWC, Bradley E (2018) Anomaly Detection in Paleoclimate Records Using Permutation Entropy. Entropy, 20(12):931.
  11. Graeter KA, Osterberg EC, Ferris DG, Hawley RL, Marshall HP, Lewis G, Meehan T, McCarthy F, Overly T, Birkel SD (2018) Ice core records of West Greenland melt and climate forcing, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 3164-3172. doi:10.1002/2017GL076641
  12. Graly J, Licht K, Kassab C, Bird B, and Kaplan M (2018) Warm-based basal sediment entrainment and far-field Pleistocene origin evidenced in central Transantarctic blue ice through stable isotopes and internal structures, Journal of Glaciology, 64(244), 185-196. doi:10.1017/jog.2018.4
  13. Jones TR, Roberts WHG, Steig EJ, Cuffey KM, Markle BR, and White JWC (2018) Southern Hemisphere climate variability forced by Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet topography, Nature, 554, 351–355. doi:10.1038/nature24669
  14. Kahle EC, Holme C, Jones TR, Gkinis V, and Steig EJ (2018) A Generalized Approach to Estimating Diffusion Length of Stable Water Isotopes from Ice‐Core Data, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf. Earth Surface, 123.
  15. Lilien DA, Fudge TJ, Koutnik MR, Conway H, Osterberg EC, Ferris DG, Waddington ED and Stevens MC (2018) Holocene ice‐flow speedup in the vicinity of the South Pole. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 6557–6565.
  16. Markle BR, Steig EJ, Roe GH, Winckler G, McConnell JR (2018) Concomitant variability in high-latitude aerosols, water isotopes and the hydrologic cycle, Nature Geoscience, 11, 853-859.
  17. Miner KR, Campbell S, Gerbi C, Lilijedahl A, Anderson T, Perkins BL, Bernsen S, Gatesman T, Kreutz KJ (2018) Organochlorine Pollutants within a Polythermal Glacier in the Interior Eastern Alaska Range, Water, 10(9), 1157.
  18. Nicewonger MR, Aydin M, Prather MJ, Saltzman ES (2018) Large changes in biomass burning over the last millennium inferred from paleoatmospheric ethane in polar ice cores, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(49), 12413-12418.
  19. Polashenski DJ, Osterberg EC, Koffman BG, Winski D, Stamieszkin K, Kreutz KJ, Wake CP, Ferris DG, Introne D, Campbell S, Lewis GM (2018) Denali ice core methanesulfonic acid records North Pacific marine primary production, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123.
  20. Santibáñez PA, Maselli OJ, Greenwood MC, Grieman MM, Saltzman ES, McConnell JR and Priscu JC (2018) Prokaryotes in the WAIS Divide ice core reflect source and transport changes between Last Glacial Maximum and the early Holocene, Global Change Biology.
  21. Trusel LD, Das SB, Osman MB, Evans MJ, Smith BE, Fettweis X, McConnell JR, Noel BPY, van den Broeke MR (2018) Nonlinear rise in Greenland runoff in response to post-industrial Arctic warming, Nature, 564, 104-108.
  22. Winski D, Osterberg E, Kreutz K, Wake C, Ferris D, Campbell S, Baum M, Bailey A, Birkel S, Introne D, Handley M (2018) A 400‐year ice core melt layer record of summertime warming in the Alaska Range, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 3594–3611.


  1. Aarons SM, Aciego SM, Arendt CA, Blakowski MA, Steigmeyer A, Gabrielli P, Sierra-Hernandez MR, Beaudon E, Delmonte B, Baccolo G, May NW and Pratt KA (2017) Dust composition changes from Taylor Glacier (East Antarctica) during the last glacial-interglacial transition: A multi-proxy approach. Quaternary Science Reviews, 162, 60-71, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.03.011
  2. Baggenstos D, Bauska TK, Severinghaus JP, Lee JE, Schaefer H, Buizert C, Brook EJ, Shackleton S, and Petrenko VV (2017) Atmospheric gas records from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, reveal ancient ice with ages spanning the entire last glacial cycle, Clim. Past, 13, 943-958, doi:10.5194/cp-13-943-2017
  3. Chan W, Mah M, Bay R and Talghader J (2017) Long-wavelength optical logging for high-resolution detection of ash layers in glacier ice, Journal of Glaciology, 63(237), 17-21, doi:10.1017/jog.2016.105
  4. D'Andrilli J, Foreman CM, Sigl M, Priscu JC and McConnell JR (2017) A 21 000-year record of fluorescent organic matter markers in the WAIS Divide ice core. Clim. Past, 13, 533-544, doi:10.5194/cp-13-533-2017
  5. D’Andrilli J, Smith H, Dieser M, Foreman C (2017) Climate driven carbon and microbial signatures through the last ice age. Geochem. Persp. Let. doi:10.7185/geochemlet.1732
  6. Dunbar NW, Iverson NA, Van Eaton AR, Sigl M, Alloway BV, Kurbatov AV, Mastin LG, McConnell JR, and Wilson CJN (2017) New Zealand supereruption provides time marker for the Last Glacial Maximum in Antarctica, Scientific Reports, 7:12238, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11758-0
  7. Iverson NA, Lieb-Lappen R, Dunbar NW, Obbard R, Kim E, and Golden E (2017) The first physical evidence of subglacial volcanism under the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Scientific Reports, 7:11457, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-11515-3
  8. Jones TR, Cuffey KM, White JWC, Steig EJ, Buizert C, Markle BR, McConnell JR, Sigl M (2017) Water Isotope Diffusion in the WAIS Divide Ice Core During the Holocene and Last Glacial. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 122, 290–309, doi:10.1002/2016JF003938
  9. Jones TR, White JWC, Steig EJ, Vaughn BH, Morris V, Gkinis V, Markle BR, and Schoenemann SW (2017) Improved methodologies for continuous-flow analysis of stable water isotopes in ice cores. Atmospheric Measurement Technologies, 10, 617-632,
  10. Kluskiewicz D, Waddington E, Anandakrishnan S, Voigt D, Matsuika K and McCarthy M (2017) Sonic methods for measuring crystal orientation fabric in ice, and results from the West Antarctic ice sheet (WAIS) Divide. Journal of Glaciology, 1-15, doi:10.1017/jog.2017.20
  11. Lamp JL and Marchant DR (2017) Vapor transport and sublimation on Mullins Glacier, Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 465, 82-91, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.02.016
  12. Manning JG, Ludlow F, Stine AR, Boos WR, Sigl M, Marlon JR (2017) Volcanic suppression of Nile summer flooding triggers revolt and constrains interstate conflict in ancient Egypt. Nature Communications, 8, 900, 1-9.
  13. McConnell JR, Burke A, Dunbar NW, Kohler P, Thomas JL, Arienzo MM, Chellman NJ, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Adkins JF, Baggenstos D, Burkhart JF, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Cole-Dai J, Fudge TJ, Knorr G, Graf H-F, Grieman MM, Iverson N, McGwire KC, Mulvaney R, Paris G, Rhodes RH, Saltzman ES, Severinghaus JP, Steffensen JP, Taylor KC, and Winckler G (2017) Synchronous volcanic eruptions and abrupt climate change ∼17.7 ka plausibly linked by stratospheric ozone depletion, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(38), 10035-10040, doi:10.1073/pnas.1705595114
  14. Mekhaldi F, McConnell J, Adolphi F, Arienzo M, Chellman N, Maselli O, Moy AD, Plummer C, Sig M and Muscheler R (2017). No coincident nitrate enhancement events in polar ice cores following the largest known solar storms, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 11900-11913,
  15. Miller O, Solomon DK, Miège C, Koenig L, Forster R, Schmerr N, Ligtenberg SRM, Montgomery L (2017) Direct evidence of meltwater flow within a firn aquifer in Southeast Greenland. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL075707
  16. Miller OL, Solomon DK, Miège C, Koenig LS, Forster RR, Montgomery LN, Schmerr N, Ligtenberg SRM, Legchenko A and Brucker L (2017) Hydraulic Conductivity of a Firn Aquifer in Southeast Greenland, Frontiers in Earth Science, 5:38, doi:10.3389/feart.2017.00038
  17. Montgomery LN, Schmerr N, Burdick S, Forster RR, Koenig L, Legchenko A, Ligtenberg S, Miège C, Miller OL and Solomon DK (2017) Investigation of Firn Aquifer Structure in Southeastern Greenland Using Active Source Seismology, Frontiers in Earth Science, 5:10, doi: 10.3389/feart.2017.00010
  18. Osman M, Das S, Marchal O, and Evans M (2017) Methanesulfonic acid (MSA) migration in polar ice: data synthesis and theory, The Cryosphere, 11, 2439-2462,
  19. Petrenko VV, Smith AM, Schaefer H, Riedel K, Brook E, Baggenstos D, Harth C, Hua Q, Buizert C, Schilt A, Fain X, Mitchell L, Bauska T, Orsi A, Weiss RF, Severinghaus JP (2017) Minimal geological methane emissions during the Younger Dryas–Preboreal abrupt warming event. Nature, 548, 443-446, doi:10.1038/nature23316
  20. Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, McConnell JR, Blunier T, Sime CL, Fain X and Mulvaney R (2017) Atmospheric methane variability: Centennial-scale signals in the Last Glacial Period. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 31, doi:10.1002/ 2016GB005570.
  21. Rhodes RH, Yang X, Wolff EW, McConnell JR, and Frey MM (2017) Sea ice as a source of sea salt aerosol to Greenland ice cores: a model-based study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 9417-9433,
  22. Seltzer AM, Buizert C, Baggenstos D, Brook E J, Ahn J, Yang J-W, and Severinghaus JP (2017) Does δ18O of O2 record meridional shifts in tropical rainfall?. Climate of the Past, 13, 1323-1338, doi:10.5194/cp-13-1323-2017
  23. Swanger KM (2017) Buried ice in Kennar Valley: a late Pleistocene remnant of Taylor Glacier. Antarctic Science, 1–13. 31 January 2017, doi:10.1017/S0954102016000687
  24. Winski D, Osterberg E, Ferris D, Kreutz K, Wake C, Campbell S, Hawley R, Roy S, Birkel S, Introne D, Handley M (2017) Industrial-age doubling of snow accumulation in the Alaska Range linked to tropical ocean warming, Scientific Reports, 7:17869, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18022-5


  1. Bauska TK, Baggenstos D, Brook EJ, Mix AC, Marcott SA, Petrenko VV, Schaefer H, Severinghaus JP, Lee JE (2016) Carbon isotopes characterize rapid changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide during the last deglaciation, Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, early online publication, 1-6, doi:10.1073/pnas.1513868113
  2. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Fitzpatrick JJ, Cuffey KM, McConnell JR, Voigt DE, Spencer MK and Stevens NT (2016) Five millennia of surface temperatures and ice core bubble characteristics from the WAIS Divide deep core, West Antarctica. Paleoceanography, 31(3), 416-433, doi:10.1002/2015PA002851
  3. Fudge TJ, Markle BR, Cuffey K, Buizert C, Taylor K, Steig EJ, Waddington E, Conway H and Koutnik M (2016) Variable relationship between accumulation and temperature in West Antarctica for the past 31,000 years. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(8), 3795-3803, doi:10.1002/2016GL068356
  4. Fudge TJ, Taylor KC, Waddington EW, Fitzpatrick JJ and Conway H (2016) Electrical stratigraphy of the WAIS Divide ice core: Identification of centimeter-scale irregular layering. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 121, 1218-1229, doi:10.1002/2016JF003845
  5. Klein ES, Nolan M, McConnell J, Sigl M, Cherry J, Young J, Welker JM (2016) McCall Glacier record of Arctic climate change: Interpreting a northern Alaska ice core with regional water isotopes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 131, 274-284, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.030
  6. Koutnik M, Fudge TJ, Conway H, Waddington E, Neumann T, Cuffey K, Buizert C and Taylor K (2016) Holocene accumulation and ice flow near the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide ice-core site. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 121, 1-18, doi:10.1002/2015JF003668
  7. Legrand M, McConnell J, Fischer H, Wolff EW, Preunkert S, Arienzo M, Chellman N, Leuenberger D, Maselli O, Place P, Sigl M, Schüpbach S, and Flannigan M (2016) Boreal fire records in Northern Hemisphere ice cores: a review, Climate of the Past, 12, 2033-2059.
  8. Luthra T, Anandakrishnan S, Winberry JP, Alley RB, Holschuh N (2016) Basal characteristics of the main sticky spot on the ice plain of Whillans Ice Stream, Antarctica, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 440, 12-19, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.035
  9. Miège C, Forster RR, Brucker L, Koenig LS, Solomon DK, Paden JD, Box JE, Burgess EW, Miller JZ, McNerney L, Brautigam N, Fausto RS, Gogineni S (2016) Spatial extent and temporal variability of Greenland firn aquifers detected by ground and airborne radars, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., 121, 2381–2398, doi:10.1002/2016JF003869
  10. Petrenko VV, Severinghaus JP, Schaefer H, Smith AM, Kuhl T, Baggenstos D, Hua Q, Brook EJ, Rose P, Kulin R, Bauska T, Harth C, Buizert C, Orsi A, Emanuele G, Lee JE, Brailsford G, Keeling R, Weiss RF (2016) Measurements of 14C in ancient ice from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica constrain in situ cosmogenic 14CH4 and 14CO production rates, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 177, 62–77, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.01.004
  11. Santibáñez PA, McConnell JR and Priscu JC (2016) A flow cytometric method to measure prokaryotic records in ice cores: an example from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide drilling site. Journal of Glaciology, 62(234), 655-673, doi:10.1017/jog.2016.50
  12. Sigl M, Fudge TJ, Winstrup M, Cole-Dai J, Ferris D, McConnell JR, Taylor KC, Welten KC, Woodruff TE, Adolphi F, Bisiaux M, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Caffee MW, Dunbar NW, Edwards R, Geng L, Iverson N, Koffman B, Layman L, Maselli OJ, McGwire K, Muscheler R, Nishiizumi K, Pasteris DR, Rhodes RH and Sowers TA (2016) The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology - Part 2: Annual-layer counting (0-31 ka BP). Climate of the Past, 12, 769-786, doi:10.5194/cp-12-769-2016
  13. Taylor K (2016) Introduction to special section on the WAIS Divide Special Issue of Paleoceanography. Paleoceanography, 31, 1474-1478, doi:10.1002/2016PA002995


  1. Bauska TK, Joos F, Mix AC, Roth R, Ahn J and Brook EJ (2015) Links between atmospheric carbon dioxide, the land carbon reservoir and climate over the past millennium. Nature Geoscience, 8, 383-387, doi:10.1038/ngeo2422
  2. Buizert C, Cuffey KM, Severinghaus JP, Baggenstos D, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ, Markle BR, Winstrup M, Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Sowers TA, Clow GD, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Sigl M, McConnell JR and Taylor KC (2015) The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology - Part 1: Methane synchronization (68-31 ka BP) and the gas age-ice age difference. Climate of the Past, 11, 153-173, doi:10.5194/cp-11-153-2015
  3. Giese AL, Hawley RL (2015) Reconstructing thermal properties of firn at Summit, Greenland, from a temperature profile time series, Journal of Glaciology, 61(227), 503-510, doi:10.3189/2015JoG14J204
  4. Higgins JA, Kurbatov AV, Spaulding NE, Brook E, Introne DS, Chimiak LM, Yan Y, Mayewski P, Bender ML (2015) Atmospheric composition 1 million years ago from blue ice in the Allan Hills, Antarctica, Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 112(22), 6887-6891, doi:10.1073/pnas.1420232112
  5. Klein ES, Nolan M, McConnell J, Sigl M, Cherry J, Young J, Welker JM (2015) McCall Glacier record of Arctic climate change: Interpreting a northern Alaska ice core with regional water isotopes, Quaternary Science Reviews, 131(part B), 274-284, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.030
  6. Mekhaldi F, Muscheler R, Adolphi F, Aldahan A, Beer J, McConnell JR, Possnert G, Sigl M, Svensson A, Synal H-A, Welten KC and Woodruff TE (2015) Multiradionuclide evidence for the solor origin of the cosmic-ray events of AD 774/5 and 993/4. Nature Communications, 6:8611, doi:10.1038/ncomms9611
  7. Mitchell LE, Buizert C, Brook EJ, Breton DJ, Fegyveresi J, Baggenstos D, Orsi A, Severinghaus J, Alley RB, Albert M, Rhodes RH, McConnell JR, Sigl M, Maselli O, Gregory S and Ahn J (2015) Observing and modeling the influence of layering on bubble trapping in polar firn. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(6), 2558-2574, doi:10.1002/2014JD022766
  8. Orsi AJ, Kawamura K, Fegyveresi JM, Headly MA, Alley RB and Severinghaus JP (2015) Differentiating bubble-free layers from melt layers in ice cores using noble gases. Journal of Glaciology, 61(227), 585-594, doi:10.3189/2015JoG14J237
  9. Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Chiang JCH, Blunier T, Maselli OJ, McConnell JR, Romanini D and Severinghaus JP (2015) Enhanced tropical methane production in response to iceberg discharge in the North Atlantic. Science, 348(6238), 1016-1019, doi:10.1126/science.1262005
  10. Sigl M, Winstrup M, McConnell JR, Welten KC, Plunkett G, Ludlow F, Büntgen U, Caffee M, Chellman N, Dahl-Jensen D, Fischer H, Kipfstuhl S, Kostick C, Maselli OJ, Mekhaldi F, Mulvaney R, Muscheler R, Pasteris DR, Pilcher JR, Salzer M, Schüpbach S, Steffensen JP, Vinther BM, and Woodruff TE (2015) Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. Nature, 543-549, doi:10.1038/nature14565
  11. WAIS Divide Project Members (2015) Precise interpolar phasing of abrupt climate change during the last ice age. Nature, 520, 661-665, doi:10.1038/nature14401


  1. Aydin M, Fudge TJ, Verhulst KR, Nicewonger MR, Waddington ED, Saltzman ES (2014) Carbonyl sulfide hydrolysis in Antarctic ice cores and an atmospheric history for the last 8000 years, Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 119(13), 8500-8514, doi:10.1002/2014JD021618
  2. Buizert C, Bagenstos D, Jian W, Purtschert R, Petrenko VV, Lu Z-T, Müller P, Kuhl T, Lee J, Severinghaus JP, Brook EJ (2014) Radiometric 81Kr dating identifies 120,000-year-old ice at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(19), 6876-6881, doi:10.1073/pnas.1320329111
  3. Buizert C, Cuffey KM, Severinghaus JP, Baggenstos D, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ, Markle BR, Winstrup M, Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Sowers TA, Clow GD, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Taylor KC (2014) The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology – Part 1: Methane synchronization (68–31 ka BP) and the gas age–ice age difference, Climate of the Past, 11, 153-173, doi:10.5194/cp-11-153-2015
  4. Fitzpatrick JJ, Voigt DE, Fegyveresi JM, Stevens NT, Spencer MK, Cole-Dai J, Alley RB, Jardine GE, Cravens ED, Wilen LA, Fudge TJ, McConnell JR (2014) Physical properties of the WAIS Divide ice core, Journal of Glaciology, 60(224), 1181-1198, doi:10.3189/2014JoG14J100
  5. Forster RR, Box JE, van den Broeke MR, Miège C, Burgess EW, van Angelen JH, Lenaerts JTM, Koenig LS, Paden J, Lewis C, Gogineni SP, Leuschen C, McConnell JR (2014) Extensive liquid meltwater storage in firn within the Greenland ice sheet, Nature Geoscience, 7, 95–98, doi:10.1038/ngeo2043
  6. Geng L, Alexander B, Cole-Dai J, Steig EJ, Savarin J, Sofen ED, Schauer AJ (2014) Nitrogen isotopes in ice core nitrate linked to anthropogenic atmospheric acidity change, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(16), 5808-5812, doi:10.1073/pnas.1319441111
  7. Geng L, Cole-Dai J, Alexander B, Erbland J, Savarino J, Schauer AJ, Steig Ej, Lin P, fu Q, Zatko MC (2014) On the origin of the occasional spring nitrate peak in Greenland snow, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 13361–13376, doi:10.5194/acp-14-13361-2014
  8. Hawley R, Courville Z, Kehrl L, Lutz E, Osterberg E, Overly T, Wong G (2014) Recent accumulation variability in northwest Greenland from ground-penetrating radar and shallow cores along the Greenland Inland Traverse. Journal of Glaciology, 60(220), 375-382.
  9. Keegan KM, Albert MR, McConnell JR, Baker I (2014) Climate change and forest fires synergistically drive widespread melt events of the Greenland Ice Sheet, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(22), 7964–7967, doi:10.1073/pnas.1405397111
  10. Koenig LS, Miège C, Forster RR, and Brucker L (2014) Initial in situ measurements of perennial meltwater storage in the Greenland firn aquifer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 81–85, doi:10.1002/2013GL058083
  11. Koffman BG, Handley MJ, Osterberg EC, Wells ML and Kreutz KJ (2014) Dependence of ice-core relative trace-element concentration on acidification. Journal of Glaciology, 60(219), 103-112, doi:10.3189/2014JoG13J137
  12. Koffman BG, Kreutz KJ, Breton DJ, Kane EJ, Winski DA, Birkel SD, Kurbatov AV and Handley MJ (2014) Centennial-scale variability of the Southern Hemisphere westerly wind belt in the eastern Pacific over the past two millennia. Climate of the Past, 10, 1125-1144, doi:10.5194/cp-10-1125-2014
  13. Korotkikh EV, Mayewski PA, Dixon D, Kurbatov AV, Handley MJ (2014) Recent increase in Ba concentrations as recorded in a South Pole ice core, Atmospheric Environment, 89, 683-687, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.03.009
  14. Marcott SA, Bauska TK, Buizert C, Steig EJ, Rosen JL, Cuffey KM, Fudge TJ, Severinghaus JP, Ahn J, Kalk M, McConnell JR, Sowers T, Taylor KC, White JWC and Brook EJ (2014) Centennial-scale changes in the global carbon cycle during the last deglaciation. Nature, 514, 616-619, doi:10.1038/nature13799
  15. McConnell JR, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Vallelonga P, Neumann T, Anschutz H, Bales RC, Curran MAJ, Das SB, Edwards R, Kipfstuhl S, Layman L, Thomas ER (2014) Antarctic-wide array of high-resolution ice core records reveals pervasive lead pollution began in 1889 and persists today, Scientific Reports, 4, 5848, doi:10.1038/srep05848
  16. Popp TJ, Hansen SB, Sheldon SG, Schwander J, Johnson JA (2014) Drilling into debris-rich basal ice at the bottom of the NEEM (Greenland) borehole, Annals of Glaciology, 55(68), 199-206, doi:10.3189/2014AoG68A029
  17. Schilt A, Brook EJ, Bauska TK, Baggenstos D, Fischer H, Joos F, Petrenko VV, Schaefer H, Schmitt J and Severinghaus JP (2014) Isotopic constraints on marine and terrestrial N2O emissions during the last deglaciation, Nature 516(7530): 234-237
  18. Schoenemann SW, Steig EJ, Ding Q, Markle BR and Schauer AJ (2014) Triple water-isotopologue record from WAIS Divide, Antarctica: controls on glacial-interglacial changes in 17Oexcess of precipitation. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 119(14), 8741-8763, doi:10.1002/2014JD021770
  19. Sigl M, McConnell JR, Toohey M, Curran M, Das SB, Edwards R, Isaksson E, Kawamura K, Kipfstuhl S, Kruger K, Layman L, Maselli O, Motizuki Y, Motoyama H, Pasteris DR and Severi M (2014) Insights from Antarctica on volcanic forcing during the Common Era. Nature Climate Change, 1-5, doi:10.1038/nclimate2293
  20. Sofen ED, Alexander B, Steig EJ, Thiemens MH, Kunasek SA, Amos HM, Schauer AJ, Hastings MG, Bautista J, Jackson TL, Vogel LE, McConnell JR, Pasteris DR and Saltzman ES (2014) WAIS Divide ice core suggests sustained changes in the atmospheric formation pathways of sulfate and nitrate since the 19th century in the extratropical Southern Hemisphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 5749-5769, doi:10.5194/acp-14-5749-2014
  21. Souney JM, Twickler MS, Hargreaves GM, Bencivengo BM, Kippenhan MJ, Johnson JA, Cravens ED, Neff PD, Nunn RM, Orsi AJ, Popp TJ, Rhoades JF, Vaughn BH, Voigt DE, Wong GJ and Taylor KC (2014) Core handling and processing for the WAIS Divide ice-core project. Annals of Glaciology, 55(68), 15-26, doi:10.3189/2014AoG68A008
  22. Yu P-L (2014) Ice Patch Archaeology and Paleoecology in Glacier National Park, Archaeology Program, National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior


  1. Cole-Dai J, Ferris DG, Lanciki AL, Savarino J, Thiemens MH, McConnell JR (2013) Two likely stratospheric volcanic eruptions in the 1450s C.E. found in a bipolar, subannually dated 800 year ice core record, Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 118, 7459–7466, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50587
  2. Knuth MA and Courville ZR (2013) Proof of Concept: Firn Air Facility Cooling at Summit Station, Greenland, Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 27(1),
  3. Koffman BG, Kreutz KJ, Kurbatov AV and Dunbar NW (2013) Impact of known local and tropical volcanic eruptions of the past millennium on the WAIS Divide microparticle record. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(17), 4712-4716, doi:10.1002/grl.50822
  4. Marion GM, Murray AE, Wagner B, Fritsen CH, Kenig F, Doran PT (2013) Carbon Sequestration and Release from Antarctic Lakes: Lake Vida and West Lake Bonney (McMurdo Dry Valleys), Aquatic Geochemistry, 19(2), 135-145, doi:10.1007/s10498-012-9184-1
  5. Miège C, Forster R, Box J, Burgess E, McConnell J, Pasteris D, and Spikes V (2013) Southeast Greenland high accumulation rates derived from firn cores and ground-penetrating radar, Annals of Glaciology, 54(63), 322-332, doi:10.3189/2013AoG63A358
  6. Mitchell L, Brook E, Lee JE, Buizert C and Sowers T (2013) Constraints on the Late Holocene Anthropogenic Contribution to the Atmospheric Methane Budget. Science, 342(6161), 964- 966, doi:10.1126/science.1238920
  7. Sigl M, McConnell JR, Layman L, Maselli O, McGwire K, Pasteris D, Dahl-Jensen D, Steffensen JP, Vinther B, Edwards R, Mulvaney R and Kipfstuhl S (2013) A new bipolar ice core record of volcanism from WAIS Divide and NEEM and implications for climate forcing of the last 2000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1151-1169, doi:10.1029/2012JD018603
  8. Voigt DE, Peters LE, Anandakrishnan S (2013) 'Georods': the development of a four-element geophone for improved seismic imaging of glaciers and ice sheets, Annals of Glaciology, 54(64), 142-148, doi:10.3189/2013AoG64A432
  9. WAIS Divide Project Members (2013) Onset of deglacial warming in West Antarctica driven by local orbital forcing. Nature, 500, 440-444, doi:10.1038/nature12376


  1. Bisiaux MM, Edwards R, McConnell JR, Curran MAJ, Van Ommen TD, Smith AM, Neumann TA, Pasteris DR, Penner JE and Taylor K (2012) Changes in black carbon deposition to Antarctica from two high-resolution ice core records, 1850-2000 AD. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 4107-4115, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4107-2012
  2. Lanciki A, Cole-Dai J, Thiemens TH, Savarino J (2012) Sulfur isotope evidence of little or no stratospheric impact by the 1783 Laki volcanic eruption, Geophysical Research Letters, 39(1), doi:10.1029/2011GL050075
  3. Murray AE, Kenig F, Fritsen CH, McKay Cp, Cawley KM, Edwards R, Kuhn E, McKnight DM, Ostrom NE, Peng V, Ponce A, Priscu JC, Samarkin V, Townsend AT, Wagh P, Young SA, Yung PT, Doran PT (2012) Microbial life at −13°C in the brine of an ice-sealed Antarctic lake, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(50), 20626-20631, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208607109
  4. Neff PD, Steig EJ, Clark DH, McConnell JR, Pettit EC, Menounos B (2012) Ice-core net snow accumulation and seasonal snow chemistry at a temperate-glacier site: Mount Waddington, southwest British Columbia, Canada, Journal of Glaciology, 58(212), 1165-1175, doi:10.3189/2012JoG12J078


  1. Battle MO, Severinghaus JP, Sofen ED, Plotkin D, Orsi AJ, Aydin M, Montzka SA, Sowers T and Tans PP (2011) Controls on the movement and composition of firn air at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 11007-11021, doi:10.5194/acp-11-11007-2011
  2. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Spencer MK, Fitzpatrick JJ, Steig EJ, White JWC, McConnell JR and Taylor KC (2011) Late-Holocene climate evolution at the WAIS Divide site, West Antarctica: bubble number-density estimates. Journal of Glaciology, 57(204), 629-638, doi:10.3189/002214311797409677
  3. Ferris DG, Cole-Dai J, Reyes AR, Budner DM (2011) South Pole ice core record of explosive volcanic eruptions in the first and second millennia A.D. and evidence of a large eruption in the tropics around 535 A.D., Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D17), doi:10.1029/2011JD015916
  4. Mitchell LE, Brook EJ, Sowers T and McConnell JR (2011) Multidecadal variability of atmospheric methane, 1000-1800 C.E. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(G02007), doi:10.1029/2010JG001441


  1. Kunasek SA, Alexander B, Steig EJ, Sofen ED, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH, McConnell JR, Gleason DJ and Amos HM (2010) Sulfate sources and oxidation chemistry over the past 230 years from sulfur and oxygen isotopes of sulfate in a West Antarctic ice core. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D18313), doi:10.1029/2010JD013846