The following list of peer-reviewed publications is from projects that received field support from IDP or publications authored by IDP. We also maintain a Library of technical ice drilling documents.

If you are an IDP-supported scientist, please credit IDP support in any publications or articles with the following statement "We thank the U.S. Ice Drilling Program for support activities through NSF Cooperative Agreement 1836328."


  1. Braddock S, Venturelli RA, Nichols K, Moravec E, Boeckmann GV, Campbell S, Balco G, Ackert R, Small D, Johnson JS, Dunbar N, Woodward J, Mukhopadhyay S, Goehring B (2024) Lessons learned from shallow subglacial bedrock drilling campaigns in Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 1-11.
  2. Gabriel I, Plunkett G, Abbott PM, Behrens M, Burke A, Chellman N, Cook E, Fleitmann D, Horhold M, Hutchison W, McConnell JR, Oladottir BA, Preiser-Kapeller J, Sliwinski JT, Sugden P, Twarloh B, Sigl M (2024) Decadal-to-centennial increases of volcanic aerosols from Iceland challenge the concept of a Medieval Quiet Period. Communications Earth & Environment, 5:194, 1-18.
  3. Lowry DP, Han HK, Golledge NR, Gomez N, Johnson KM, McKay RM (2024) Ocean cavity regime shift reversed West Antarctic grounding line retreat in the late Holocene. Nature Communications, 15, 3176.
  4. McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, Wensman SM, Plach A, Stanish C, Santibáñez PA, Brugger SO, Eckhardt S, Freitag J, Kipfstuhl S, Stohl A (2024) Hemispheric-scale heavy metal pollution from South American and Australian mining and metallurgy during the Common Era. Science of The Total Environment, 912.
  5. McDowell IE, Keegan KM, Skiles SM, Donahue CP, Osterberg EC, Hawley RL, Marshall H-P (2024) A cold laboratory hyperspectral imaging system to map grain size and ice layer distributions in firn cores. The Cryosphere, 18, 1925–1946.
  6. van Dijk EJC, Jungclaus J, Sigl M, Timmreck Cm Kruger K (2024) High-frequency climate forcing causes prolonged cold periods in the Holocene. Communications Earth & Environment, 5, 242.
  7. Wendt KA, Nehrbass-Ahles C, Niezgoda K, Noone D, Kalk M, Menviel L, Gottschalk J, Rae JWB, Schmitt J, Fischer H, Stocker TF, Muglia J, Ferreira D, Marcott SA, Brook E, Buizert C (2024) Southern Ocean drives multidecadal atmospheric CO2 rise during Heinrich Stadials. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 121 (21) e2319652121.
  8. Zhang B, Chellman NJ, Kaplan JO, Mickley LJ, Ito T, Wang X, Wensman SM, McCrimmon D, Steffensen JP, McConnell JR, Liu P (2024) Improved biomass burning emissions from 1750 to 2010 using ice core records and inverse modeling. Nature Communications, 15, 3651.


  1. Alt M, Puseman K, Lee CM, Pederson GT, McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, McWethy DB (2023) Organic layers preserved in ice patches: A new record of Holocene environmental change on the Beartooth Plateau, USA. The Holocene, 1-5.
  2. Balco G, Brown N, Nichols K, Venturelli RA, Adams J, Braddock S, Campbell S, Goehring B, Johnson JS, Rood DH, Wilcken K, Hall B, and Woodward J (2023) Reversible ice sheet thinning in the Amundsen Sea Embayment during the Late Holocene. The Cryosphere, 17, 1787-1801.
  3. Brugger SO, Chellman NJ, McConnell C, McConnell JR (2023) High-latitude fire activity of recent decades derived from microscopic charcoal and black carbon in Greenland ice cores. The Holocene, 33(2), 238-244.
  4. Buizert C, Shackleton S, Severinghaus JP, Roberts WHG, Seltzer A, Bereiter B, Kawamura K, Baggenstos D, Orsi AJ, Oyabu I, Birner B, Morgan JD, Brook EJ, Etheridge DM, Thornton D, Bertler N, Pyne RL, Mulvaney R, Mosley-Thompson E, Neff PD, and Petrenko VV (2023) The new Kr-86 excess ice core proxy for synoptic activity: West Antarctic storminess possibly linked to Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) movement through the last deglaciation. Climate of the Past, 19, 579-606.
  5. Burke A, Innes HM, Crick L, Anchukaitis KJ, Byrne MP, Hutchison W, McConnell JR, Moore KA, Rae JWB, Sigl M, and Wilson R (2023) High sensitivity of summer temperatures to stratospheric sulfur loading from volcanoes in the Northern Hemisphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 120(47), e2221810120.
  6. Chesler A, Winski D, Kreutz K, Koffman B, Osterberg E, Ferris D, Thundercloud Z, Mohan J, Cole-Dai J, Wells M, Handley M, Putnam A, Anderson K, and Harmon N (2023) Non-spherical microparticle shape in Antarctica during the last glacial period affects dust volume-related metrics. Climate of the Past, 19, 477-492.
  7. Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV, Smith AM, Hmiel B, Neff PD, Yang B, Hua Q, Schmitt J, Shackleton SA, Buizert C, Place PF, Menking JA, Beaudette R, Harth C, Kalk M, Roop HA, Bereiter B, Armanetti C, Vimont I, Englund Michel S, Brook EJ, Severinghaus JP, Weiss RF, and McConnell JR (2023) Using ice core measurements from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica, to calibrate in situ cosmogenic 14C production rates by muons. The Cryosphere, 17, 843-863.
  8. Eckhardt S, Pisso I, Evangeliou N, Zwaaftink CG, Plach A, McConnell JR, Sigl M, Ruppel M, Zdanowicz C, Lim S, Chellman N, Opel T, Meyer H, Steffensen JP, Schwikowski M, Stohl A (2023) Revised historical Northern Hemisphere black carbon emissions based on inverse modeling of ice core records. Nature Communications, 14, 271.
  9. Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Pettit EC, Edwards JS, Fegyveresi JM, Sowers TA, Severinghaus JP, and Kahle EC (2023) Millennial and orbital-scale variability in a 54 000-year record of total air content from the South Pole ice core. The Cryosphere, 17, 4837–4851.
  10. Faïn X, Etheridge DM, Fourteau K, Martinerie P, Trudinger CM, Rhodes RH, Chellman NJ, Langenfelds RL, McConnell JR, Curran MAJ, Brook EJ, Blunier T, Teste G, Grilli R, Lemoine A, Sturges WT, Vannière B, Freitag J, and Chappellaz J (2023) Southern Hemisphere atmospheric history of carbon monoxide over the late Holocene reconstructed from multiple Antarctic ice archives. Climate of the Past, 19, 2287-2311.
  11. Fang L, Jenk TM, Winski D, Kreutz K, Brooks HL, Erwin E, Osterberg E, Campbell S, Wake C, and Schwikowski M (2023) Early Holocene ice on the Begguya plateau (Mt. Hunter, Alaska) revealed by ice core 14C age constraints. The Cryosphere, 17, 4007–4020.
  12. Guillet S, Corona C, Oppenheimer C, Lavigne F, Khodri M, Ludlow F, Sigl M, Toohey M, Atkins PS, Yang Z, Muranaka T, Horikawa N, and Stoffel M (2023) Lunar eclipses illuminate timing and climate impact of medieval volcanism. Nature 616, 90–95.
  13. Jones TR, Cuffey KM, Roberts WHG, Markle BR, Steig EJ, Max Stevens CM, Valdes PJ, Fudge TJ, Sigl M, Hughes AG, Morris V, Vaughn BH, Garland J, Vinther BM, Rozmiarek KS, Brashear CA, and White JWC (2023) Seasonal temperatures in West Antarctica during the Holocene. Nature 613, 292-297.
  14. Jongebloed UA, Schauer AJ, Cole-Dai J, Larrick CG, Porter WC, Tashmim L, Zhai S, Salimi S, Edouard SR, Geng L, Alexander B (2023) Industrial-era decline in Arctic methanesulfonic acid is offset by increased biogenic sulfate aerosol. PNAS.
  15. Jongebloed UA, Schauer AJ, Cole-Dai J, Larrick CG, Wood R, Fischer TP, Carn SA, Salimi S, Edouard SR, Zhai S, Geng L, Alexander B (2023) Underestimated passive volcanic sulfur degassing implies overestimated anthropogenic aerosol forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 50, e2022GL102061.
  16. Koffman B.G, Goldstein SL, Winckler G, Kaplan MR, Bolge L, Biscaye P (2023) Abrupt changes in atmospheric circulation during the Medieval Climate Anomaly and Little Ice Age recorded by Sr-Nd isotopes in the Siple Dome ice core, Antarctica. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 38, e2022PA004543.
  17. McDowell IE, Keegan KM, Wever N, Osterberg EC, Hawley RL, Marshall H-P (2023) Firn core evidence of two-way feedback mechanisms between meltwater infiltration and firn microstructure from the western percolation zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 128, e2022JF006752.
  18. Piva SB, Barker SJ, Iverson NA, Winton VHL, Bertler NAN, Sigl M, Wilson CJN, Dunbar NW, Kurbatov AV, Carter L, Charlier BLA, Newnham RM (2023) Volcanic glass from the 1.8 ka Taupō eruption (New Zealand) detected in Antarctic ice at ~ 230 CE. Scientific Reports, 13, 16720.
  19. Plunkett G, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Pilcher JR, and Chellman NJ (2023) The significance of volcanic ash in Greenland ice cores during the Common Era. Quaternary Science Reviews, 301, 107936, 1-24.
  20. Riddell-Young B, Rosen J, Brook E, Buizert C, Martin K, Lee J, Edwards J, Muhl M, Schmitt J, Fischer H, and Blunier T (2023) Atmospheric methane variability through the Last Glacial Maximum and deglaciation mainly controlled by tropical sources. Nature Geoscience.
  21. Sinnl G, Adolphi F, Christl M, Welten KC, Woodruff T, Caffee M, Svensson A, Muscheler R, and Rasmussen SO (2023) Synchronizing ice-core and U ∕ Th timescales in the Last Glacial Maximum using Hulu Cave 14C and new 10Be measurements from Greenland and Antarctica. Climate of the Past, 19, 1153-1175.
  22. Thomas ER, Vladimirova DO, Tetzner DR, Emanuelsson BD, Chellman N, Dixon DA, Goosse H, Grieman MM, King ACF, Sigl M, Udy DG, Vance TR, Winski DA, Winton VHL, Bertler NAN, Hori A, Laluraj CM, McConnell JR, Motizuki Y, Takahashi K, Motoyama H, Nakai Y, Schwanck F, Simões JC, Lindau FGL, Severi M, Traversi R, Wauthy S, Xiao C, Yang J, Mosely-Thompson E, Khodzher TV, Golobokova LP, and Ekaykin AA (2023) Ice core chemistry database: an Antarctic compilation of sodium and sulfate records spanning the past 2000 years. Earth System Science Data, 15, 2517-2532.
  23. Zhai S, Swanson W, McConnell JR, Chellman N, Opel T, Sigl M, Meyer H, Wang X, Jaeglé L, Stutz J, Dibb JE, Fujita K, Alexander B (2023) Implications of snowpack reactive bromine production for Arctic ice core bromine preservation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128, e2023JD039257.


  1. Banerjee A, Yeung LY, Murray LT, Tie X, Tierney JE, Legrande AN (2022) Clumped-isotope constraint on upper-tropospheric cooling during the Last Glacial Maximum. AGU Advances, 3, e2022AV000688, 1-15.
  2. Bergelin M, Putkonen J, Balco G, Morgan D, Corbett LB, and Bierman PR (2022) Cosmogenic nuclide dating of two stacked ice masses: Ong Valley, Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 16, 2793-2817.
  3. Briner JP, Walcott CK, Schaefer JM, Young NE, MacGregor JA, Poinar K, Keisling BA, Anandakrishnan S, Albert MR, Kuhl T, and Boeckmann G (2022) Drill-site selection for cosmogenic-nuclide exposure dating of the bed of the Greenland Ice Sheet. The Cryosphere, 16, 3933–3948.
  4. Cao Y, Jiang Z, Alexander B, Cole-Dai J, Savarino J, Erbland J, and Geng L (2022) On the potential fingerprint of the Antarctic ozone hole in ice-core nitrate isotopes: a case study based on a South Pole ice core. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 22, 13407-13422.
  5. Davidge L, Steig EJ, and Schauer AJ (2022) Improving continuous-flow analysis of triple oxygen isotopes in ice cores: insights from replicate measurements. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 15, 7337-7351.
  6. Dodge SE, Zoet LK, Rawling III JE, Theuerkauf EJ, Hansen DD (2022) Transport properties of fast ice within the nearshore. Coastal Engineering, 177, 104176.
  7. Faïn X, Rhodes RH, Place P, Petrenko VV, Fourteau K, Chellman N, Crosier E, McConnell JR, Brook EJ, Blunier T, Legrand M, Chappellaz J (2022) Northern Hemisphere atmospheric history of carbon monoxide since preindustrial times reconstructed from multiple Greenland ice cores. Climate of the Past, 18, 631-647,
  8. Hu J, Yan Y, Yeung LY, and Dee SG (2022) Sublimation origin of negative deuterium excess observed in snow and ice samples from McMurdo Dry Valleys and Allan Hills Blue Ice Areas, East Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD035950.
  9. Johnson JS, Venturelli RA, Balco G, Allen CS, Braddock S, Campbell S, Goehring BM, Hall BL, Neff PD, Nichols KA, Rood DH, Thomas ER, and Woodward J (2022) Review article: Existing and potential evidence for Holocene grounding line retreat and readvance in Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 16, 1543-1562.
  10. Kopec BG, Feng X, Osterberg EC, and Posmentier ES (2022) Climatological significance of δD-δ18O line slopes from precipitation, snow pits, and ice cores at Summit, Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD037037.
  11. Markle BR and Steig E J (2022) Improving temperature reconstructions from ice-core water-isotope records. Climate of the Past, 18, 1321-1368.
  12. Menking JA, Shackleton SA, Bauska TK, Buffen AM, Brook EJ, Barker S, Severinghaus JP, Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV (2022) Multiple carbon cycle mechanisms associated with the glaciation of Marine Isotope Stage 4. Nature Communications, 13, 5443.
  13. Morgan JD, Buizert C, Fudge TJ, Kawamura K, Severinghaus JP, Trudinger CM (2022) Gas isotope thermometry in the South Pole and Dome Fuji ice cores provides evidence for seasonal rectification of ice core gas records. The Cryosphere, 16, 2947-2966.
  14. Oster S, and Albert M (2022) Thermal conductivity of polar firn. Journal of Glaciology, 1-8.
  15. Rennermalm Å, Hock R, Covi F, Xiao J, Corti G, Kingslake J, Leidman SZ, Miège C, Macferrin M, Machguth H, Osterberg E, Kameda T, McConnell J (2022) Shallow firn cores 1989–2019 in southwest Greenland's percolation zone reveal decreasing density and ice layer thickness after 2012. Journal of Glaciology, 68(269), 431-442.
  16. Shin J, Ahn J, Chowdhry Beeman J, Lee H-G, Seo JM, Brook EJ (2022) Millennial variations in atmospheric CO2 during the early Holocene (11.7–7.4 ka). Climate of the Past, 18, 2063-2075.
  17. Sigl M, Toohey M, McConnell JR, Cole-Dai J, and Severi M (2022) Volcanic stratospheric sulfur injections and aerosol optical depth during the Holocene (past 11 500 years) from a bipolar ice-core array. Earth System Science Data, 14, 3167-3196.
  18. Sipes K, Paul R, Fine A, Li P, Liang R, Boike J, Onstott TC, Vishnivetskaya TA, Schaeffer S, Lloyd KG (2022) Permafrost Active Layer Microbes From Ny Ålesund, Svalbard (79°N) Show Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Metabolisms With Diverse Carbon-Degrading Enzymes. Frontiers in Microbiology, 12:757812.
  19. Sipes K, Paul R, Onstott TC, Vishnivetskaya TA, Lloyd KG (2022) Draft Genome Sequences of 10 Pseudomonas sp. Isolates from the Active Layer of Permafrost in Ny Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway. Microbiology Resource Announcements, 11(6).
  20. Wensman SM, Shiel AE, McConnell JR (2022) Lead isotopic fingerprinting of 250-years of industrial era pollution in Greenland ice. Anthropocene, 38, 100340.
  21. Yan Y, Banerjee A, Murray LT, Tie X, and Yeung LY (2022) Tropospheric ozone during the Last Interglacial. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL101113.


  1. Abbott PM, Plunkett G, Corona C, Chellman NJ, McConnell JR, Pilcher JR, Stoffel M, Sigl M (2021) Cryptotephra from the Icelandic Veiðivötn 1477 CE eruption in a Greenland ice core: confirming the dating of volcanic events in the 1450s CE and assessing the eruption's climatic impact. Climate of the Past, 17, 565-585.
  2. Abbott PM, Niemeier U, Timmreck C, Riede F, McConnell JR, Severi M, Fischer H, Svensson A, Toohey M, Reinig F, SigL (2021) Volcanic climate forcing preceding the inception of the Younger Dryas: Implications for tracing the Laacher See eruption. Quaternary Science Reviews, 274.
  3. Anthony RE, Ringler AT, DuVernois M, Anderson KR, Wilson DC (2021) Six Decades of Seismology at South Pole, Antarctica: Current Limitations and Future Opportunities to Facilitate New Geophysical Observations. Seismological Research Letters, 92(5): 2718–2735.
  4. Bauska TK, Marcott SA, Brook EJ (2021) Abrupt changes in the global carbon cycle during the last glacial period. Nature Geoscience, 14, 91–96.
  5. Boeckmann G, Gibson CJ, Kuhl TW, Moravec E, Johnson JA, Meulemans Z, Slawny KR (2021) Adaptation of the Winkie Drill for subglacial bedrock sampling. Annals of Glaciology, 62, (84), 109-117.
  6. Buizert C, Fudge TJ, Roberts WHG, Steig EJ, Sherriff-Tadano S, Ritz C, Lefebvre E, Edwards J, Kawamura K, Oyabu I, Motoyama H, Kahle EC, Jones TR, Abe-Ouchi A, Obase T, Martin C, Corr H, Severinghaus JP, Beaudette R, Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Martin K, Chappellaz J, Aoki S, Nakazawa T, Sowers TA, Alley RB, Ahn J, Sigl M, Severi M, Dunbar NW, Svensson A, Fegyveresi JM, He C, Liu Z, Zhu J, Otto-Bliesner BL, Lipenkov VY, Kageyama M, Schwander J (2021) Antarctic surface temperature and elevation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science, 372(6546), 1097-1101.
  7. Casto-Boggess LD, Golozar M, Butterworth AL, Mathies RA (2021) Optimization of Fluorescence Labeling of Trace Analytes: Application to Amino Acid Biosignature Detection with Pacific Blue. Analytical Chemistry, 1-8.
  8. Chellman NJ, Pederson G, Lee CM, McWethy DB, Puseman K, Stone JR, Brown SR, and McConnell JR (2021) High elevation ice patch documents Holocene climate variability in the northern Rocky Mountains. Quaternary Science Advances, 3, 1-8.
  9. Cole-Dai J, Ferris DG, Kennedy JA, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Fudge TJ, Geng L, Maselli OJ, Taylor KC, Souney JM (2021) Comprehensive record of volcanic eruptions in the Holocene (11,000 years) from the WAIS Divide, Antarctica ice core. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD032855.
  10. D'Andrilli J, and McConnell J (2021) Polar ice core organic matter signatures reveal past atmospheric carbon composition and spatial trends across ancient and modern timescales. Journal of Glaciology, 67(266), 1028-1042.
  11. Gerbi C, Mills S, Clavette R, Campbell S, Bernsen S, Clemens-Sewall D, Lee I, Hawley R, Kreutz K, and Hruby K (2021) Microstructures in a shear margin: Jarvis Glacier, Alaska. Journal of Glaciology, 1-14.
  12. Gibson CJ, Boeckmann G, Meulemans Z, Kuhl TW, Koehler J, Johnson JA, Slawny KR (2021) RAM-2 Drill system development: an upgrade of the Rapid Air Movement Drill. Annals of Glaciology, 62, (84), 99-108.
  13. Goddard PB, Tabor CR, Jones TR (2021) Utilizing Ice Core and Climate Model Data to Understand Seasonal West Antarctic Variability. Journal of Climate, 1-55.
  14. Goodge JW, Severinghaus JP, Johnson JA, Tosi D, Bay R (2021) Deep ice drilling, bedrock coring and dust logging with the Rapid Access Ice Drill (RAID) at Minna Bluff, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 62, (85-86), 324-339.
  15. Hillebrand T, Conway H, Koutnik M, Martín C, Paden J, Winberry J (2021) Radio-echo sounding and waveform modeling reveal abundant marine ice in former rifts and basal crevasses within Crary Ice Rise, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 67(264), 641-652.
  16. Humphrey N, Harper J, and Meierbachtol T (2021) Physical limits to meltwater penetration in firn. Journal of Glaciology, 67(265), 952-960.
  17. Johnson JA, Kuhl TW, Boeckmann G, Gibson CJ, Jetson J, Meulemans Z, Slawny KR, Souney JM (2021) Drilling operations for the South Pole Ice Core (SPICEcore) project. Annals of Glaciology, 62, (84), 75-88.
  18. Kahle EC, Steig EJ, Jones TR, Fudge TJ, Koutnik MR, Morris VA, Vaughn BR, Schauer AJ, Stevens CM, Conway H, Waddington ED, Buizert C, Epifanio J, White JWC (2021) Reconstruction of temperature, accumulation rate, and layer thinning from an ice core at South Pole, using a statistical inverse method. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD033300.
  19. Koffman BG, Goldstein SL, Winckler G, Kaplan MR, Kreutz KJ, Bolge L, Bory A, Biscaye P (2021) Late Holocene dust provenance at Siple Dome, Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews, 274, 107271.
  20. Kuhl TW, Gibson CJ, Johnson JA, Boeckmann G, Moravec E, Slawny KR (2021) Agile Sub-Ice Geological (ASIG) Drill development and Pirrit Hills field project. Annals of Glaciology, 62, (84), 53-66.
  21. Lewis G, Osterberg E, Hawley R, Marshall HP, Meehan T, Graeter K, McCarthy F, Overly T, Thundercloud Z, Ferris D, Koffman BG, Dibb J (2021) Atmospheric blocking drives recent albedo change across the western Greenland ice sheet percolation zone. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL092814.
  22. Liu P, Kaplan J, Mickley LJ, Li Y, Chellman NJ, Arienzo MM, Kodros JK, Pierce JR, Sigl M, Freitag J, Mulvaney R, Curran MAJ, McConnell JR (2021) Improved estimates of preindustrial biomass burning reduce the magnitude of aerosol climate forcing in the Southern Hemisphere. Science Advances, 7(22), eabc1379.
  23. McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, Mulvaney R, Eckhardt S, Stohl A, Plunkett G, Kipfstuhl S, Freitag J, Isaksson E, Gleason KE, Brugger SO, McWethy DB , Abram NJ, Liu P, Aristarain AJ (2021) Hemispheric black carbon increase after the 13th-century Māori arrival in New Zealand. Nature 598, 82–85.
  24. Osman MB, Coats S, Das SB, McConnell JR, Chellman N (2021) North Atlantic jet stream projections in the context of the past 1,250 years. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Sep 2021, 118 (38) e2104105118.
  25. Osman MB, Smith BE, Trusel LD, Das SB, McConnell JR, Chellman N, Arienzo M, Sodemann H (2021) Abrupt Common Era hydroclimate shifts drive west Greenland ice cap change. Nature Geoscience.
  26. Qiao J, Colgan W, Jakobs G, and Nielsen S (2021) High-Resolution Tritium Profile in an Ice Core from Camp Century, Greenland. Environmental Science & Technology Article.
  27. Rennermalm Å, Hock R, Covi F, Xiao J, Corti G, Kingslake J, Leidman SZ, Miege C, Macferrin M, Machguth H, Osterberg E, Kameda T, McConnell J (2021) Shallow firn cores 1989–2019 in southwest Greenland's percolation zone reveal decreasing density and ice layer thickness after 2012. Journal of Glaciology, 1-12.
  28. Shackleton S, Menking JA, Brook E, Buizert C, Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV, Baggenstos D, Severinghaus JP (2021) Evolution of mean ocean temperature in Marine Isotope Stage 4. Climate of the Past, 17, 2273-2289.
  29. Souney J, Twickler M, Aydin M, Steig E, Fudge T, Street L, Nicewonger MR, Kahle EC, Johnson JA, Kuhl TW, Casey KA, Fegyveresi JM, Nunn RM, Hargreaves G (2021) Core handling, transportation and processing for the South Pole ice core (SPICEcore) project. Annals of Glaciology, 1-13.
  30. Steig EJ, Jones TR, Schauer AJ, Kahle EC, Morris VA, Vaughn BH, Davidge L, White JWC (2021) Continuous-Flow Analysis of δ17O, δ18O, and δD of H2O on an Ice Core from the South Pole. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9:640292, 1-14.
  31. The IceCube Collaboration (2021) Design, performance, and analysis of a measurement of optical properties of Antarctic ice below 400 nm. In proceedings of “37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2021) July 12-23, 2021 Online – Berlin, Germany”. Proceedings of Science. arXiv:2107.11809v1
  32. Vandecrux B, Colgan W, Solgaard AM, Steffensen JP, Karlsson NB (2021) Firn Evolution at Camp Century, Greenland: 1966–2100. Frontiers in Earth Science, 9, 1-67.
  33. Winski DA, Osterberg EC, Kreutz KJ, Ferris DG, Cole‐Dai J, Thundercloud Z, Huang J, Alexander B, Jaeglé L, Kennedy JA, Larrick C, Kahle EC, Steig EJ, Jones TR (2021) Seasonally‐Resolved Holocene Sea Ice Variability Inferred from South Pole Ice Core Chemistry. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091602.
  34. Zhai S, Wang X, McConnell JR, Geng L, Cole-Dai J, Sigl M, Chellman N, Sherwen T, Pound R, Fujita K, Hattori S, Moch JM, Zhu L, Evans M, Legrand M, Liu P, Pasteris D, Chan Y-C, Murray LT, Alexander B (2021) Anthropogenic impacts on tropospheric reactive chlorine since the preindustrial. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL093808.


  1. Abbott PM, Plunkett G, Corona C, Chellman NJ, McConnell JR, Pilcher JR, Stoffel M, and Sigl M (2020) Cryptotephra from the Icelandic Veiðivötn 1477 CE eruption in a Greenland ice core: confirming the dating of 1450s CE volcanic events and assessing the eruption's climatic impact. Climate of the Past.
  2. Aydin M, Britten GL, Montzka SA, Buizert C, Primeau FW, Petrenko VV, Battle MO, Nicewonger MR, Patterson J, Hmiel B, Saltzman ES (2020) Anthropogenic impacts on atmospheric carbonyl sulfide since the 19th century inferred from polar firn air and ice core measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD033074.
  3. Blong RJ and Kurbatov AV (2020) Steps and missteps on the path to a 1665-1668 CE date for the VEI 6 eruption of Long Island, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 395, 106828.
  4. Chellman NJ, Pederson GT, Lee CM, McWethy DB, Puseman K, Stone JR, Brown SR, McConnell JR (2020) High elevation ice patch documents Holocene climate variability in the northern Rocky Mountains. Quaternary Science Advances, 3, 1-8.
  5. Clyne ER, Sridhar Anandakrishnan S, Muto A, Alley RB, Voigt DE (2020) Interpretation of topography and bed properties beneath Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica using seismic reflection methods. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 550, 116543.
  6. Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV, Smith AM, Hua Q, Yang B, Schmitt J, Beck J, Seth B, Bock M, Hmiel B, Vimont I, Menking JA, Shackleton SA, Baggenstos D, Bauska TK, Rhodes RH, Sperlich P, Beaudette R, Harth C, Kalk M, Brook EJ, Fischer H, Severinghaus JP, Weiss RF (2020) Old carbon reservoirs were not important in the deglacial methane budget. Science, 367, 907-910.
  7. Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Edwards JS, Sowers TA, Kahle EC, Severinghaus JP, Steig EJ, Winski DA, Osterberg EC, Fudge TJ, Aydin M, Hood E, Kalk M, Kreutz KJ, Ferris DG, and Kennedy JA (2020) The SP19 chronology for the South Pole Ice Core – Part 2: gas chronology, Δage, and smoothing of atmospheric records. Climate of the Past, 16, 2431-2444.
  8. Fudge TJ, Lilien DA, Koutnik M, Conway H, Stevens CM, Waddington ED, Steig EJ, Schauer AJ, Holschuh N (2020) Advection and non-climate impacts on the South Pole Ice Core. Climate of the Past, 16, 819-832.
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  15. Taylor K (2016) Introduction to special section on the WAIS Divide Special Issue of Paleoceanography. Paleoceanography, 31, 1474-1478.


  1. Bauska TK, Joos F, Mix AC, Roth R, Ahn J and Brook EJ (2015) Links between atmospheric carbon dioxide, the land carbon reservoir and climate over the past millennium. Nature Geoscience, 8, 383-387.
  2. Buizert C, Cuffey KM, Severinghaus JP, Baggenstos D, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ, Markle BR, Winstrup M, Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Sowers TA, Clow GD, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Sigl M, McConnell JR and Taylor KC (2015) The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology - Part 1: Methane synchronization (68-31 ka BP) and the gas age-ice age difference. Climate of the Past, 11, 153-173.
  3. Giese AL, Hawley RL (2015) Reconstructing thermal properties of firn at Summit, Greenland, from a temperature profile time series. Journal of Glaciology, 61(227), 503-510.
  4. Higgins JA, Kurbatov AV, Spaulding NE, Brook E, Introne DS, Chimiak LM, Yan Y, Mayewski P, Bender ML (2015) Atmospheric composition 1 million years ago from blue ice in the Allan Hills, Antarctica. Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 112(22), 6887-6891.
  5. Klein ES, Nolan M, McConnell J, Sigl M, Cherry J, Young J, Welker JM (2015) McCall Glacier record of Arctic climate change: Interpreting a northern Alaska ice core with regional water isotopes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 131(part B), 274-284.
  6. Mekhaldi F, Muscheler R, Adolphi F, Aldahan A, Beer J, McConnell JR, Possnert G, Sigl M, Svensson A, Synal H-A, Welten KC and Woodruff TE (2015) Multiradionuclide evidence for the solar origin of the cosmic-ray events of AD 774/5 and 993/4. Nature Communications, 6:8611.
  7. Mernild SH, Hanna E, McConnell JR, Sigl M, Beckerman AP, Yde JC, Cappelen J, Malmros JK, and Steffen K (2015) Greenland precipitation trends in a long-term instrumental climate context (1890–2012): evaluation of coastal and ice core records. International Journal of Climatology, 35: 303-320.
  8. Mitchell LE, Buizert C, Brook EJ, Breton DJ, Fegyveresi J, Baggenstos D, Orsi A, Severinghaus J, Alley RB, Albert M, Rhodes RH, McConnell JR, Sigl M, Maselli O, Gregory S and Ahn J (2015) Observing and modeling the influence of layering on bubble trapping in polar firn. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120(6), 2558-2574.
  9. Orsi AJ, Kawamura K, Fegyveresi JM, Headly MA, Alley RB and Severinghaus JP (2015) Differentiating bubble-free layers from melt layers in ice cores using noble gases. Journal of Glaciology, 61(227), 585-594.
  10. Osterberg E, Hawley R, Wong G, Kopec B, Ferris D, Howley J (2015) Coastal ice-core record of recent northwest Greenland temperature and sea-ice concentration. Journal of Glaciology, 61(230), 1137-1146.
  11. Peterson K, Cole-Dai J, Brandis D, Cox T, and Splett S (2015) Rapid measurement of perchlorate in polar ice cores down to sub-ng L−1 levels without pre-concentration. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 407, 7965-7972.
  12. Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Chiang JCH, Blunier T, Maselli OJ, McConnell JR, Romanini D and Severinghaus JP (2015) Enhanced tropical methane production in response to iceberg discharge in the North Atlantic. Science, 348(6238), 1016-1019.
  13. Sigl M, Winstrup M, McConnell JR, Welten KC, Plunkett G, Ludlow F, Büntgen U, Caffee M, Chellman N, Dahl-Jensen D, Fischer H, Kipfstuhl S, Kostick C, Maselli OJ, Mekhaldi F, Mulvaney R, Muscheler R, Pasteris DR, Pilcher JR, Salzer M, Schüpbach S, Steffensen JP, Vinther BM, and Woodruff TE (2015) Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. Nature, 543-549.
  14. Steig EJ, Huybers K, Singh HA, Steiger NJ, Ding Q, Frierson DMW, Popp T, and White JWC (2015) Influence of West Antarctic Ice Sheet collapse on Antarctic surface climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 4862-4868.
  15. WAIS Divide Project Members (2015) Precise interpolar phasing of abrupt climate change during the last ice age. Nature, 520, 661-665.


  1. Aydin M, Fudge TJ, Verhulst KR, Nicewonger MR, Waddington ED, Saltzman ES (2014) Carbonyl sulfide hydrolysis in Antarctic ice cores and an atmospheric history for the last 8000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 119(13), 8500-8514.
  2. Buizert C, Bagenstos D, Jian W, Purtschert R, Petrenko VV, Lu Z-T, Müller P, Kuhl T, Lee J, Severinghaus JP, Brook EJ (2014) Radiometric 81Kr dating identifies 120,000-year-old ice at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(19), 6876-6881.
  3. Buizert C, Cuffey KM, Severinghaus JP, Baggenstos D, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ, Markle BR, Winstrup M, Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Sowers TA, Clow GD, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Taylor KC (2014) The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology – Part 1: Methane synchronization (68–31 ka BP) and the gas age–ice age difference. Climate of the Past, 11, 153-173.
  4. Fitzpatrick JJ, Voigt DE, Fegyveresi JM, Stevens NT, Spencer MK, Cole-Dai J, Alley RB, Jardine GE, Cravens ED, Wilen LA, Fudge TJ, McConnell JR (2014) Physical properties of the WAIS Divide ice core. Journal of Glaciology, 60(224), 1181-1198.
  5. Forster RR, Box JE, van den Broeke MR, Miège C, Burgess EW, van Angelen JH, Lenaerts JTM, Koenig LS, Paden J, Lewis C, Gogineni SP, Leuschen C, McConnell JR (2014) Extensive liquid meltwater storage in firn within the Greenland ice sheet. Nature Geoscience, 7, 95-98.
  6. Geng L, Alexander B, Cole-Dai J, Steig EJ, Savarin J, Sofen ED, Schauer AJ (2014) Nitrogen isotopes in ice core nitrate linked to anthropogenic atmospheric acidity change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(16), 5808-5812.
  7. Geng L, Cole-Dai J, Alexander B, Erbland J, Savarino J, Schauer AJ, Steig Ej, Lin P, fu Q, Zatko MC (2014) On the origin of the occasional spring nitrate peak in Greenland snow. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 13361-13376.
  8. Gibson CJ, Johnson JA, Shturmakov AJ, Mortensen NB, Goetz JJ (2014) Replicate ice-coring system architecture: mechanical design. Annals of Glaciology, 55, (68), 165-172.
  9. Hawley R, Courville Z, Kehrl L, Lutz E, Osterberg E, Overly T, Wong G (2014) Recent accumulation variability in northwest Greenland from ground-penetrating radar and shallow cores along the Greenland Inland Traverse. Journal of Glaciology, 60(220), 375-382.
  10. Johnson JA, Mortensen NB, Gibson CJ, Goetz JJ, Shturmakov AJ (2014) Replicate ice-coring system testing. Annals of Glaciology, 55, (68), 331-338.
  11. Johnson JA, Shturmakov AJ, Kuhl TW, Mortensen NB, Gibson CJ (2014) Next generation of an intermediate depth drill. Annals of Glaciology, 55, (68), 27-33.
  12. Keegan KM, Albert MR, McConnell JR, Baker I (2014) Climate change and forest fires synergistically drive widespread melt events of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(22), 7964-7967.
  13. Koenig LS, Miège C, Forster RR, and Brucker L (2014) Initial in situ measurements of perennial meltwater storage in the Greenland firn aquifer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 81-85.
  14. Koffman BG, Handley MJ, Osterberg EC, Wells ML and Kreutz KJ (2014) Dependence of ice-core relative trace-element concentration on acidification. Journal of Glaciology, 60(219), 103-112.
  15. Koffman BG, Kreutz KJ, Breton DJ, Kane EJ, Winski DA, Birkel SD, Kurbatov AV and Handley MJ (2014) Centennial-scale variability of the Southern Hemisphere westerly wind belt in the eastern Pacific over the past two millennia. Climate of the Past, 10, 1125-1144.
  16. Korotkikh EV, Mayewski PA, Dixon D, Kurbatov AV, Handley MJ (2014) Recent increase in Ba concentrations as recorded in a South Pole ice core. Atmospheric Environment, 89, 683-687.
  17. Kuhl TW, Johnson JA, Shturmakov AJ, Goetz JJ, Gibson CJ, Lebar DA (2014) A new large-diameter ice-core drill: the Blue Ice Drill. Annals of Glaciology, 55, (68), 1-6.
  18. Mackay SL, Marchant DR, Lamp JL, Head JW (2014) Cold-based debris-covered glaciers: Evaluating their potential as climate archives through studies of ground-penetrating radar and surface morphology. Journal of Geophysical Research Earth Surface, 119, 2505–2540.
  19. Marcott SA, Bauska TK, Buizert C, Steig EJ, Rosen JL, Cuffey KM, Fudge TJ, Severinghaus JP, Ahn J, Kalk M, McConnell JR, Sowers T, Taylor KC, White JWC and Brook EJ (2014) Centennial-scale changes in the global carbon cycle during the last deglaciation. Nature, 514, 616-619.
  20. McConnell JR, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Vallelonga P, Neumann T, Anschutz H, Bales RC, Curran MAJ, Das SB, Edwards R, Kipfstuhl S, Layman L, Thomas ER (2014) Antarctic-wide array of high-resolution ice core records reveals pervasive lead pollution began in 1889 and persists today. Scientific Reports, 4, 5848.
  21. Mortensen NB, Goetz JJ, Gibson CJ, Johnson JA, Shturmakov AJ (2014) Replicate ice-coring system architecture: electrical, electronic and software design. Annals of Glaciology, 55, (68), 156-164.
  22. Mortensen NB, Johnson JA, Shturmakov AJ (2014) Precision cable winch level wind for deep ice-coring systems. Annals of Glaciology, 55, (68), 99-104.
  23. Popp TJ, Hansen SB, Sheldon SG, Schwander J, Johnson JA (2014) Drilling into debris-rich basal ice at the bottom of the NEEM (Greenland) borehole. Annals of Glaciology, 55(68), 199-206.
  24. Rasmussen SO, Bigler M, Blockley SP, Blunier T, Buchardt SL, Clausen HB, Cvijanovic I, Dahl-Jensen D, Johnsen SJ, Fischer H, Gkinis V, Guillevic M, Hoek WZ, Lowe JJ, Pedro JB, Popp T, Seierstad IK, Steffensen JP, Svensson AM, Vallelonga P, Vinther BM, Walker MJC, Wheatley JJ, Winstrup M (2014) A stratigraphic framework for abrupt climatic changes during the Last Glacial period based on three synchronized Greenland ice-core records: refining and extending the INTIMATE event stratigraphy. Quaternary Science Reviews, 106, 14-28.
  25. Schilt A, Brook EJ, Bauska TK, Baggenstos D, Fischer H, Joos F, Petrenko VV, Schaefer H, Schmitt J and Severinghaus JP (2014) Isotopic constraints on marine and terrestrial N2O emissions during the last deglaciation. Nature, 516(7530): 234-237.
  26. Schoenemann SW, Steig EJ, Ding Q, Markle BR and Schauer AJ (2014) Triple water-isotopologue record from WAIS Divide, Antarctica: controls on glacial-interglacial changes in 17Oexcess of precipitation. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 119(14), 8741-8763.
  27. Seierstad IK, Abbott PM, Bigler M, Blunier T, Bourne AJ, Brook E, Buchardt SL, Buizert C, Clausen HB, Cook E, Dahl-Jensen D, Davies SM, Guillevic M, Johnsen SJ, Pedersen DS, Popp TJ, Rasmussen SO, Severinghaus JP, Svensson A, Vinther BM (2014) Consistently dated records from the Greenland GRIP, GISP2 and NGRIP ice cores for the past 104 ka reveal regional millennial-scale δ18O gradients with possible Heinrich event imprint. Quaternary Science Reviews 106, 29-46.
  28. Sigl M, McConnell JR, Toohey M, Curran M, Das SB, Edwards R, Isaksson E, Kawamura K, Kipfstuhl S, Kruger K, Layman L, Maselli O, Motizuki Y, Motoyama H, Pasteris DR and Severi M (2014) Insights from Antarctica on volcanic forcing during the Common Era. Nature Climate Change, 1-5.
  29. Slawny KR, Johnson JA, Mortensen NB, Gibson CJ, Goetz JJ, Shturmakov AJ, Lebar DA, Wendricks AW (2014) Production drilling at WAIS Divide. Annals of Glaciology, 55, (68), 147-155.
  30. Sofen ED, Alexander B, Steig EJ, Thiemens MH, Kunasek SA, Amos HM, Schauer AJ, Hastings MG, Bautista J, Jackson TL, Vogel LE, McConnell JR, Pasteris DR and Saltzman ES (2014) WAIS Divide ice core suggests sustained changes in the atmospheric formation pathways of sulfate and nitrate since the 19th century in the extratropical Southern Hemisphere. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 5749-5769.
  31. Souney JM, Twickler MS, Hargreaves GM, Bencivengo BM, Kippenhan MJ, Johnson JA, Cravens ED, Neff PD, Nunn RM, Orsi AJ, Popp TJ, Rhoades JF, Vaughn BH, Voigt DE, Wong GJ and Taylor KC (2014) Core handling and processing for the WAIS Divide ice-core project. Annals of Glaciology, 55(68), 15-26.
  32. Yu P-L (2014) Ice Patch Archaeology and Paleoecology in Glacier National Park. Archaeology Program, National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior


  1. Cole-Dai J, Ferris DG, Lanciki AL, Savarino J, Thiemens MH, McConnell JR (2013) Two likely stratospheric volcanic eruptions in the 1450s C.E. found in a bipolar, subannually dated 800 year ice core record. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 118, 7459–7466.
  2. Knuth MA and Courville ZR (2013) Proof of Concept: Firn Air Facility Cooling at Summit Station, Greenland. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 27(1).
  3. Koffman BG, Kreutz KJ, Kurbatov AV and Dunbar NW (2013) Impact of known local and tropical volcanic eruptions of the past millennium on the WAIS Divide microparticle record. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(17), 4712-4716.
  4. Marion GM, Murray AE, Wagner B, Fritsen CH, Kenig F, Doran PT (2013) Carbon Sequestration and Release from Antarctic Lakes: Lake Vida and West Lake Bonney (McMurdo Dry Valleys). Aquatic Geochemistry, 19(2), 135-145.
  5. Miège C, Forster R, Box J, Burgess E, McConnell J, Pasteris D, and Spikes V (2013) Southeast Greenland high accumulation rates derived from firn cores and ground-penetrating radar. Annals of Glaciology, 54(63), 322-332.
  6. Mitchell L, Brook E, Lee JE, Buizert C and Sowers T (2013) Constraints on the Late Holocene Anthropogenic Contribution to the Atmospheric Methane Budget. Science, 342(6161), 964- 966.
  7. Sigl M, McConnell JR, Layman L, Maselli O, McGwire K, Pasteris D, Dahl-Jensen D, Steffensen JP, Vinther B, Edwards R, Mulvaney R and Kipfstuhl S (2013) A new bipolar ice core record of volcanism from WAIS Divide and NEEM and implications for climate forcing of the last 2000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1151-1169.
  8. Voigt DE, Peters LE, Anandakrishnan S (2013) 'Georods': the development of a four-element geophone for improved seismic imaging of glaciers and ice sheets. Annals of Glaciology, 54(64), 142-148.
  9. WAIS Divide Project Members (2013) Onset of deglacial warming in West Antarctica driven by local orbital forcing. Nature, 500, 440-444.


  1. Bisiaux MM, Edwards R, McConnell JR, Curran MAJ, Van Ommen TD, Smith AM, Neumann TA, Pasteris DR, Penner JE and Taylor K (2012) Changes in black carbon deposition to Antarctica from two high-resolution ice core records, 1850-2000 AD. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 4107-4115.
  2. Lanciki A, Cole-Dai J, Thiemens TH, Savarino J (2012) Sulfur isotope evidence of little or no stratospheric impact by the 1783 Laki volcanic eruption. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(1).
  3. Murray AE, Kenig F, Fritsen CH, McKay Cp, Cawley KM, Edwards R, Kuhn E, McKnight DM, Ostrom NE, Peng V, Ponce A, Priscu JC, Samarkin V, Townsend AT, Wagh P, Young SA, Yung PT, Doran PT (2012) Microbial life at −13°C in the brine of an ice-sealed Antarctic lake. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(50), 20626-20631.
  4. Neff PD, Steig EJ, Clark DH, McConnell JR, Pettit EC, Menounos B (2012) Ice-core net snow accumulation and seasonal snow chemistry at a temperate-glacier site: Mount Waddington, southwest British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Glaciology, 58(212), 1165-1175.


  1. Battle MO, Severinghaus JP, Sofen ED, Plotkin D, Orsi AJ, Aydin M, Montzka SA, Sowers T and Tans PP (2011) Controls on the movement and composition of firn air at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 11007-11021.
  2. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Spencer MK, Fitzpatrick JJ, Steig EJ, White JWC, McConnell JR and Taylor KC (2011) Late-Holocene climate evolution at the WAIS Divide site, West Antarctica: bubble number-density estimates. Journal of Glaciology, 57(204), 629-638.
  3. Ferris DG, Cole-Dai J, Reyes AR, Budner DM (2011) South Pole ice core record of explosive volcanic eruptions in the first and second millennia A.D. and evidence of a large eruption in the tropics around 535 A.D. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D17).
  4. Kowalewski DE, Marchant DR, Swanger KM, Head JW (2011) Modeling vapor diffusion within cold and dry supraglacial tills of Antarctica: Implications for the preservation of ancient ice. Geomorphology, 126, 159-173.
  5. Mitchell LE, Brook EJ, Sowers T and McConnell JR (2011) Multidecadal variability of atmospheric methane, 1000-1800 C.E. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(G02007).


  1. Bender ML, Burgess E, Alley RB, Barnett B, Clow GD (2010) On the nature of the dirty ice at the bottom of the GISP2 ice core. Earth Planetary Science Letters, 299, 466-473.
  2. Kunasek SA, Alexander B, Steig EJ, Sofen ED, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH, McConnell JR, Gleason DJ and Amos HM (2010) Sulfate sources and oxidation chemistry over the past 230 years from sulfur and oxygen isotopes of sulfate in a West Antarctic ice core. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D18313).