Recoverable autonomous sonde for subglacial lake exploration: electronic control system design

Title Recoverable autonomous sonde for subglacial lake exploration: electronic control system design
Publication Type
Journal Article
Year
2021
Author(s) Shilin Peng , Xiao Jiang, Yongzhen Tang, Chong Li, Xiaodong Li, Shengmiao Huang, Tianxin Zhu, Jianguang Shi, Youhong Sun, Pavel Talalay, Xiaopeng Fan, Nan Zhang, Bing Li, Da Gong, Haibin Yu
Journal/ Publication
Annals of Glaciology
Pagination
1-17
Abstract

Subglacial lake exploration is of great interest to the science community. RECoverable Autonomous Sonde (RECAS) provides an exploration tool to measure and sample subglacial lake environments while the subglacial lake remains isolated from the glacier surface and atmosphere. This paper presents an electronic control system design of 200 m prototype of RECAS. The proposed electronic control system consists of a surface system, a downhole control system, and a power transfer and communication system. The downhole control system is the core element of RECAS, and is responsible for sonde status monitoring, sonde motion control, subglacial water sampling and in situ analysis. A custom RS485 temperature sensor was developed to cater for the limited size and depth requirements of the system. We adopted a humidity-based measurement to monitor for a housing leak. This condition is because standard leak detection monitoring of water conductivity may be inapplicable to pure ice in Antarctica. A water sampler control board was designed to control the samplers and monitor the on/off state. A high-definition camera system with built-in storage and self-heating ability was designed to perform the video recording in the subglacial lake. The proposed electronic control system is proven effective after a series of tests.

DOI
10.1017/aog.2021.1
File
URL
Special Collections 8th International Ice Drill Symposium
Categories Hot-Point Drills, Subglacial Access
Citation Shilin Peng , Xiao Jiang, Yongzhen Tang, Chong Li, Xiaodong Li, Shengmiao Huang, Tianxin Zhu, Jianguang Shi, Youhong Sun, Pavel Talalay, Xiaopeng Fan, Nan Zhang, Bing Li, Da Gong, Haibin Yu ( 2021 ) Recoverable autonomous sonde for subglacial lake exploration: electronic control system design. Annals of Glaciology , 1-17 . doi: 10.1017/aog.2021.1
Lead Author
Shilin Peng