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Anti-torque systems of electromechanical cable-suspended drills and test results
Authors: Talalay P, Fan X, Zheng Z, Xue J, Cao P, Zhang N, Wang R, Yu D, Yu C, Zhang Y, Zhang Q, Su K, Yang D, Zhan J
Year: 2014
Keywords: ice coring, ice engineering
Periodical/Journal: Annals of Glaciology
Volume: 55
Number: 68
Page Range: 207-218

To prevent spinning of the upper non-rotated part of the electromechanical drill, an 'anti-torque system' has to be included in the downhole unit. At the same time, the anti-torque must allow the drill to move up and down the borehole during drilling and tripping operations. Usually the anti- torque system has a blade form of various designs that engages with the borehole wall and counteracts the torque from the stator of the driving motor. This paper presents a review of the different anti-torque systems and test results with selected designs (leaf spring, skate and U-shaped anti-torque systems). Experiments showed that the skate anti-torque system can provide the maximal holding torque between 67 and 267 Nm-1 depending on the skates' outer diameter and ice temperature, while the leaf spring anti-torque system can provide only 2.5-40 Nm-1 (in case of straight contact between the ice and the leaf springs). The total resistance force to axial movement of the skate anti-torque system lies in the range 209-454N if the system is vibrating. For the leaf spring anti-torque system, the total axial resistance force is far less (19-243 N).

DOI: 10.3189/2014AoG68A025
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